1982/1994) introduce continuous reinforcement
for problem behavior most likely maintained by intermittent schedules in the natural environment.
All reversals were trained with continuous reinforcement
and a fading procedure familiar to subjects from extensive preliminary training.
The degree of intermittency changes under differential reinforcement with a fixed criterion, beginning near extinction if few criterial responses occur initially, proceeding through a richer ratio, and, finally, approximating continuous reinforcement
when most responses meet the criterion.
During the continuous reinforcement
schedule a point and song were presented on every trial in which the marker was moved to the lower right corner of the matrix.
Extending this finding, Stebbins and Reynolds (1964) compared latencies under the continuous reinforcement
and extinction components of a multiple schedule.
The results indicated that (a) lead-exposed animals that had received continuous reinforcement
extinguished more rapidly than did non-lead-exposed animals that had received continuous reinforcement
, and (b) lead-exposed animals that had received partial reinforcement training extinguished more slowly than did non-lead-exposed animals that had received partial reinforcement training.
The seismic tests conducted to date covered a variety of retrofit problems -- low reinforcement ratios, shear problems, top plastic hinge with continuous reinforcement
and bottom plastic hinge with lap-splice regions -- all problems currently present on the Santa Monica Freeway, which suffered widespread damage in the recent earthquake.
Schwartz (1982) employed two schedules of reinforcement, continuous reinforcement
(CRF) and partial reward 50% (PR50), while testing human subjects for sequential stereotypy.
In phase two, fetus was on a continuous reinforcement
Most of the plans involve a continuous reinforcement
schedule, which is noted for quickly establishing behavior, or a small fixed ratio schedule.
Variability of response location for pigeons responding under continuous reinforcement
, intermittent reinforcement, and extinction.
Initially, MMCs were developed with the use of fibers as continuous reinforcement
in the matrix of composites for the aerospace industry.