continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis


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dialysis

 [di-al´ĭ-sis] (Gr.)
1. the diffusion of solute molecules through a semipermeable membrane, normally passing from the side of higher concentration to that of lower. A semipermeable membrane is one that allows the passage of certain smaller molecules of such crystalloids as glucose and urea, but prevents passage of larger molecules such as the colloidal plasma proteins and protoplasm. adj., adj dialyt´ic.
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritoneal dialysis involving the continuous presence of dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity; see discussion at peritoneal dialysis.
continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) a procedure similar to continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis but taking place at night, using a machine to make several fluid exchanges automatically. See discussion at peritoneal dialysis.
dialysis dysequilibrium syndrome a condition occasionally seen following overly rapid hemodialysis, characterized by increased intracranial pressure that causes nausea, headache, vomiting, restlessness, and a decreased level of consciousness. The neurological complications may lead to coma and death if not treated. The cause of this syndrome is thought to be the rapid decrease in the blood urea nitrogen that accompanies dialysis. Called also dialysis dysequilibrium.
extracorporeal dialysis dialysis by a hemodialyzer; see also hemodialysis.
intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) an older form of peritoneal dialysis in which dialysis solution is infused into the peritoneal cavity, allowed to equilibrate for 10 to 20 minutes, and then drained out. See discussion at peritoneal dialysis.
kidney dialysis hemodialysis.
peritoneal dialysis see peritoneal dialysis.
renal dialysis hemodialysis.

con·tin·u·ous am·bu·la·to·ry per·i·to·ne·al di·al·y·sis (CAPD),

method of peritoneal dialysis performed in ambulatory patients with influx and efflux of dialysate during normal activities.

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)

[kəntin′yo̅o̅·əs]
Etymology: L, continuare, to unite, ambulare, to walk about; Gk, peri, near, tenein, to stretch, dia, through, lysis, loosening
a maintenance system of peritoneal dialysis in which an indwelling catheter permits fluid to drain into and out of the peritoneal cavity by gravity.

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

See Peritoneal dialysis.

con·tin·u·ous am·bu·la·to·ry per·i·to·ne·al di·al·y·sis

(CAPD) (kŏn-tin'yū-ŭs am'byū-lă-tōr-ē per'i-tŏ-nē'ăl dī-al'i-sis)
Method of peritoneal dialysis performed in ambulatory patients with influx and efflux of dialysate during normal activities.

peritoneal

pertaining to the peritoneum.

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
the use of an indwelling catheter with external tubing that is strapped to the body wall when not being used for infusion and drainage of the dialysate fluid.
peritoneal cysts
include vestigial remnants of primordial urogenital organs, cestode intermediate stages, inclusion cysts or lymphatic ectasia.
peritoneal dialysis
the employment of the peritoneum surrounding the abdominal cavity as a dialyzing membrane for the purpose of removing acumulated waste products or toxins. In veterinary medicine, the main indication is acute, reversible renal failure. Certain crystalloids such as urea, creatinine and electrolytes, and some drugs, such as the salicylates, bromides and barbiturates, can be removed.
Fluid equal in osmolarity and similar in chemical composition to normal body fluid is introduced into the peritoneal cavity via a catheter. After a period of time ('dwell time') determined by the molecular weight of the substance being used as the dialyzing solution, the fluid is drained and the cycle repeated.
peritoneal implantation
attachment and growth of other tissues to the peritoneum, e.g. a fetus escaped from the genital tract, direct metastasis of malignant tumors.
peritoneal lavage
see abdominal lavage.
peritoneal lymph
the fluid normally present in very small amount in the peritoneal cavity.
peritoneal membrane
References in periodicals archive ?
Longitudinal change in peritoneal membrane function with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) after peritonitis episodes.
Abdominal hernias in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
Nanobacteria in the mitral valve can cause calcium phosphate calcifications (local calciphylaxis) in the form of carbonate apatite in a patient on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis who has increased blood calcium concentration and phosphorus concentration product.
FOSRENOL is indicated as a phosphate binding agent for use in the control of hyperphosphataemia in chronic renal failure patients on haemodialysis or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).
Peterson PK, Matzke G, Keane WF: current concepts in the management of peritonitis in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
The peritoneal dialysis market is segmented into continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD), continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), intermittent PD, and PD Plus therapy.
3 GLOBAL CONTINUOUS AMBULATORY PERITONEAL DIALYSIS (CAPD) BAGS MARKET SHARE BY KEY PLAYERS, 2011
WellBound of Evanston will provide patients in surrounding communities with access to the complete spectrum of self-care therapies including all forms of daily home hemodialysis (short daily and long nocturnal), continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and continuous cycler peritoneal dialysis (CCPD).
The ORAMA computer-based programme is accompanied by a unique pan-European clinical study which will involve in the first phase 500 patients with chronic kidney disease who have been referred for dialysis, haemodialysis or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and will roll out through 100 centres in 10 European countries.
EXTRANEAL is indicated for a single daily exchange for the long dwell (8- to 16-hours) during continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) for the management of chronic renal failure.

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