vaginitis

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vaginitis

 [vaj″ĭ-ni´tis]
1. inflammation of any sheathlike structure.
2. inflammation of the vagina; called also colpitis.

Etiology. Inflammation of the vaginal mucosa is invariably related to a disturbance in normal vaginal physiology. A healthy vagina depends on (1) normal estrogen secretion to maintain a thick squamous epithelium containing glycogen and (2) chemical reactions beginning with the glycogen thus available. The glycogen stimulates the growth of lactobacilli, which are beneficial normal vaginal flora that metabolize glycogen to form lactic acid. The lactic acid maintains vaginal acidity at a pH of 4.0 to 4.5.



Tampons, condoms, neglected diaphragms, and irritating douches or deodorant sprays can upset the vagina's environmental balance and produce abnormal vaginal discharge. Hyperglycemia and antibiotics can also disturb this balance. However, infectious agents are the most common cause of vaginitis; these include Trichomonas and Candida. (See also bacterial vaginosis.) Characteristics of these types of vaginitis and medical treatment and nursing intervention are summarized in the accompanying table.
Patient Education. Patients with infectious vaginitis need to know the purpose and importance of diagnostic testing and examination to verify a diagnosis, the specific type of infection or infections thus identified, and changes that may need to be made in their sexual activity to avoid reinfection. Sexual intercourse is avoided while active symptoms are present. Concurrent treatment of the partner is often necessary to avoid cyclic reinfection of one another. Condoms are encouraged because they can provide both the man and woman with some protection against sexually transmitted diseases.



In regard to prescribed treatment, the patient should be instructed to take all of the medication exactly as prescribed; a follow-up examination and testing may be necessary. If the woman has a cervical Pap smear done while she has vaginitis, there may be an abnormal test result.
adhesive vaginitis atrophic vaginitis with ulceration and exfoliation of the mucosa result in adhesions of the membranes; opposite surfaces may adhere to each other, causing obliteration of the vaginal canal. Called also senile vaginitis.
atrophic vaginitis vaginitis occurring in postmenopausal women, associated with estrogen deficiency. The two most common types are senile vulvovaginitis and adhesive vaginitis.
Candida vaginitis (candidal vaginitis) vulvovaginal candidiasis.
desquamative inflammatory vaginitis a form resembling atrophic vaginitis but affecting women with normal estrogen levels.
emphysematous vaginitis inflammation of the vagina and adjacent cervix, characterized by numerous asymptomatic, gas-filled cystlike lesions.
senile vaginitis adhesive vaginitis.

vag·i·ni·tis

, pl.

vag·i·ni·ti·des

(vaj'i-nī'tis, -nī'ti-dēz),
Inflammation of the vagina.
[vagina + G. -itis, inflammation]

vaginitis

/vag·i·ni·tis/ (vaj″ĭ-ni´tis)
1. inflammation of the vagina.
2. inflammation of a sheath.

adhesive vaginitis  a form of atrophic vaginitis marked by formation of superficial erosions, which often adhere to opposing surfaces, obliterating the vaginal canal.
atrophic vaginitis  vaginitis with tissue atrophy occurring in postmenopausal women and associated with estrogen deficiency.
candidal vaginitis  vulvovaginal candidiasis.
desquamative inflammatory vaginitis  a form resembling atrophic vaginitis but affecting women with normal estrogen levels.
emphysematous vaginitis  inflammation of the vagina and adjacent cervix, characterized by numerous, asymptomatic, gas-filled cystlike lesions.
senile vaginitis  atrophic v.

vaginitis

(văj′ə-nī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the vagina. Also called colpitis.

vaginitis

[vaj′inī′tis]
an inflammation of the vaginal tissues, such as trichomonas vaginitis. See also atrophic vaginitis.

vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina, e.g., due to vaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas infections, or other irritants.

Clinical findings
Discharge, itching, pain, fishy odour, dyspareunia.

Diagnosis
Vaginal wet mount preparation, culture.

Management
Anti-microbials, antifungals.

vaginitis

Gynecology Inflammation of the vagina, which may be nonspecific or induced by a specific organism. See Atrophic vaginitis, Hormone replacement therapy, Vaginal candidiasis.

vag·i·ni·tis

, pl. vaginitides (vaj'i-nī'tis, -i-nit'i-dēz)
Inflammation of the vagina.
[vagina + G. -itis, inflammation]

vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina from any cause, such as chlamydial infection, GONORRHOEA, THRUSH or TRICHOMONIASIS. Also known as colpitis.

Vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina.
Mentioned in: Enterobiasis

vaginitis (va·ji·nīˑ·tis),

n condition marked by vaginal inflammation and secretions. May result from yeast or a sexually transmitted disease.

vaginitis

1. inflammation of the vagina; colpitis.
2. inflammation of a sheath.

adhesive vaginitis
that in which ulceration and exfoliation of the mucosa result in adhesions of the membranes.
contagious vaginitis
see infectious pustular vulvovaginitis, epivag.
granular vaginitis
see granular vaginitis.
pustular vaginitis
see infectious pustular vulvovaginitis.