contact sensitivity

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Related to contact sensitivity: sensitivity test, Sensitivity analysis

contact sensitivity

Immunology An allergic response to contact with irritant, usually hypersensitivity. See Contact dermatitis.


the state or quality of being sensitive.

antibiotic sensitivity, antimicrobial sensitivity
the degree of susceptibility of a bacterial isolate to individual antibiotics. Measured by growth in liquid culture media with serial dilutions of the antimicrobial, or on agar plates as measured by the width of the zone of growth inhibition around a special disk impregnated with the antimicrobial.
bacterial sensitivity
see antibiotic sensitivity (above).
contact sensitivity
see contact hypersensitivity.
diagnostic test sensitivity
the probability that a test will correctly identify the patients which are infected or have a specified non-infectious condition. A fundamental parameter for all diagnostic tests. A sensitive test will pick up the minutest quantity of antibody or other agent in a biological fluid. There are times when this is a desirable characteristic but the loss of specificity that usually accompanies the high sensitivity, needs to be taken into account. See also specificity.
radioimmunoassay sensitivity
the smallest amount of hormone which the assay can accurately detect above a zero amount.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, the probability of contact sensitivity to topical drugs should also be considered in patients with the clinical diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis and, suspected cases should be evaluated further with patch testing in order to find the responsible allergens.
Contact sensitivity in vitro: activation of actively allergized lymphocytes by a beryllium complex.
In a study published in the January 1998 issue of The CLAO Journal (Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists), doctors compared clear contact lenses with costume contact lenses, testing for visual acuity, contact sensitivity, visual field and vision in low light.