contact precautions

contact precautions

guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing the risk of transmission of epidemiologically important microorganisms by direct or indirect contact. Direct-contact transmission involves skin-to-skin contact and physical transfer of microorganisms to a susceptible host from an infected or colonized person. This can occur when health care personnel perform patient-care activities that require physical contact, such as turning or bathing the patient. Direct-contact transmission can also occur between two patients, such as by hand contact, with one patient serving as the source of infectious microorganisms and the other as a susceptible host. Indirect-contact transmission involves contact of a susceptible host with a contaminated intermediate object, usually inanimate, in the patient's environment. Contact Precautions apply to specified patients known or suspected to be infected or colonized with epidemiologically important microorganisms that can be transmitted by direct or indirect contact. See also standard precautions, transmission-based precautions. Compare Airborne Precautions, Droplet Precautions.

con·tact pre·cau·tions

(kon'takt prĕ-kaw'shŭnz)
Procedures that reduce the risk of spread of infections through direct or indirect contact. Transmission occurs with physical contact of the infected patient or handling of a contaminated object in the infected patient's room. Masks, gowns, and gloves as well as standard precautions (q.v.) must be used by health care providers when in the infected patient's room.
References in periodicals archive ?
Careful prescribing and use of antibiotics, Early and reliable diagnosis, Immediate isolation of infected patients, Contact precautions wearing gloves and gowns for all contact with the patient and patient-care environment, Adequate cleaning of the patient care environment, including the use of an EPA-registered C.
On the basis of the same evidence and assumptions, we are willing to wrap ourselves in plastic and confine patients to their hospital rooms--that is, to use contact precautions.
Droplet precautions should be added to the standard precautions when providing care to patients with symptoms of acute respiratory infections; contact precautions and eye protection should be added when caring for probable or confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection; airborne precautions should be applied when performing aerosol generating procedures.
These recommendations are based on expert opinion and knowledge of the transmission mechanism, but there is limited evidence that contact precautions make a significant difference to transmission of MDROs, over and above good hand hygiene and adherence to basic infection control principles.
Infection intervention programs have long stressed direct contact precautions but have not adequately addressed direct body surface to body surface contact," noted Elder.
Sources say that these contact precautions (CPs) can be disruptive to the quality of patient care and use up valuable physician time and hospital resources (1).
Both the World Health Organization (WHO) and the CDC recommend that healthcare facilities utilize airborne precautions, in addition to standard and contact precautions to deal with the possible spread of MERS, because of the similarity between the MERS Coronavirus and SARS Coronavirus, which is known to be transmitted through the air.
Enhanced contact precautions were also implemented at the time of PCR confirmation of the NDM-1 gene.
Following specifically-posted patient contact precautions
Contact precautions for patients identified as colonized or infected with CRE or patients at increased risk (for example, previously colonized with CRE, transferred from a hospital unit or outside facility with active CRE disease, recent antibiotic exposure).
With such high contamination rates, it is safe to say that current contact precautions are but feeble attempts to contain the multi-faceted problem that is MRSA.
The Isolation Guideline also recommends contact precautions in the presence of uncontained drainage from an abscess or pressure ulcer regardless of MDRO status (pps.