precaution

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precaution

 [pre-kaw´shun]
a protective measure taken in advance.
airborne p's a group of transmission-based precautions used when caring for patients who have diseases that spread through the air, such as tuberculosis, chickenpox, and measles. The patient should be in a private room.
aspiration p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention or minimization of risk factors in the patient at risk for aspiration.
bleeding p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as reduction of stimuli that may induce bleeding or hemorrhage in at-risk patients.
cardiac p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention of an acute episode of impaired cardiac function by minimizing myocardial oxygen consumption or increasing myocardial oxygen supply. See also myocardial infarction.
circulatory p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the protection of a localized area with limited perfusion.
contact p's a group of transmission-based precautions used when caring for patients who have diseases that spread through direct skin to skin contact or through indirect contact with contaminated equipment.
droplet p's a group of transmission-based precautions used when caring for patients who have diseases that spread by droplets or dust particles, such as by coughing, sneezing, or talking or during procedures such as suctioning and bronchoscopy. The diseases include rubella, mumps, diphtheria, and influenza.
elopement p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as minimizing the risk of a patient leaving a treatment setting without authorization when departure presents a threat to the safety of the patient or others.
embolus p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the reduction of the risk of an embolus in a patient with thrombi or at risk for developing thrombus formation.
fire-setting p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention of fire-setting behaviors.
isolation p's see isolation precautions.
laser p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as limiting the risk of injury to the patient related to use of a laser.
latex p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as reducing the risk of systemic reaction to latex. See also latex allergy.
malignant hyperthermia p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as prevention or reduction of malignant hyperthermia (hypermetabolic response to pharmacologic agents used during surgery).
pneumatic tourniquet p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as applying a pneumatic tourniquet while minimizing the potential for patient injury from use of the device.
seizure p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as prevention or minimization of potential injuries sustained by a patient with a known seizure disorder.
standard p's a classification of isolation precautions that replaces the former classifications of universal precautions and measures used for isolation of moist body products.
subarachnoid hemorrhage p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the reduction of internal and external stimuli or stressors to minimize the risk of rebleeding prior to aneurysm surgery.
surgical p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as minimizing the potential for iatrogenic injury to the patient related to a surgical procedure.
transmission-based p's isolation precautions used when caring for patients with highly transmissible or epidemiologically important pathogens; these constitute additional measures beyond standard precautions. There are three types, depending on the type of disease the patient has: airborne precautions, droplet precautions, and contact precautions.
universal p's a group of measures formerly recommended for protection of noninfected individuals against bloodborne infections such as hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus, now replaced by the measures called standard precautions.

precaution

(pri-ko'shon) [ pre- + caution]
An action taken in advance to protect against danger, harm, or possible failure.

airborne precaution

Airborne isolation.

body substance isolation precautions

The standard precautions taken by all health care personnel, such as wearing gloves, goggles, and masks, to avoid contact with potentially infectious body substances such as urine, feces, saliva, vomit, and blood.

contact precaution

Contact isolation.

droplet precaution

Droplet isolation.
References in periodicals archive ?
This low transmission rate challenges the routine use of contact precautions in nonepidemic settings (2).
8) An outbreak in Puerto Rico in 2008 was reported, with 39 cases of infection with carbapemenase producing strains, where two colonized, asymptomatic patients who should have been under contact precautions were not.
The 5 Million Lives Campaign provided a list of five key minimal components of care that may prevent MRSA: hand hygiene, decontamination of the environment and equipment, active surveillance, contact precautions for infected and colonized patients, and promotion of device bundles for the care of patients with central venous catheters and ventilators (Griffin, 2007).
Contact precautions should be implemented with all patients where colonization or MRSA infection is suspected or confirmed.
Successful containment of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae by strict contact precautions without active surveillance.
Editorial commentary: search, destroy, and confirm: how to maximize the benefit and reduce the unintended consequences of contact precautions for control of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
The Isolation Guideline also recommends contact precautions in the presence of uncontained drainage from an abscess or pressure ulcer regardless of MDRO status (pps.
The most effective strategy for preventing colonizations and infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in ICUs is a combination of universal contact precautions and universal decolonization, according to a computer simulation analysis.
Although essential, the use of source isolation and contact precautions for MRSA infection is problematic and can have unintended consequences, particularly for the patient's psychological welfare.
8 No contact precautions are necessary if early treatment and appropriate diagnostic Tests are taken among the patients with CDAD.
Patient care recommendations for those known or suspected to be infected with VISA or VRSA and being maintained in an acute care setting include isolation in a private room, contact precautions to include routine use of gowns and gloves for room entry, and education of all personnel who might have contact with the person so infected.