precaution

(redirected from contact precaution)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal.
Related to contact precaution: droplet precaution, airborne precaution, Standard Precaution

precaution

 [pre-kaw´shun]
a protective measure taken in advance.
airborne p's a group of transmission-based precautions used when caring for patients who have diseases that spread through the air, such as tuberculosis, chickenpox, and measles. The patient should be in a private room.
aspiration p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention or minimization of risk factors in the patient at risk for aspiration.
bleeding p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as reduction of stimuli that may induce bleeding or hemorrhage in at-risk patients.
cardiac p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention of an acute episode of impaired cardiac function by minimizing myocardial oxygen consumption or increasing myocardial oxygen supply. See also myocardial infarction.
circulatory p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the protection of a localized area with limited perfusion.
contact p's a group of transmission-based precautions used when caring for patients who have diseases that spread through direct skin to skin contact or through indirect contact with contaminated equipment.
droplet p's a group of transmission-based precautions used when caring for patients who have diseases that spread by droplets or dust particles, such as by coughing, sneezing, or talking or during procedures such as suctioning and bronchoscopy. The diseases include rubella, mumps, diphtheria, and influenza.
elopement p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as minimizing the risk of a patient leaving a treatment setting without authorization when departure presents a threat to the safety of the patient or others.
embolus p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the reduction of the risk of an embolus in a patient with thrombi or at risk for developing thrombus formation.
fire-setting p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention of fire-setting behaviors.
isolation p's see isolation precautions.
laser p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as limiting the risk of injury to the patient related to use of a laser.
latex p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as reducing the risk of systemic reaction to latex. See also latex allergy.
malignant hyperthermia p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as prevention or reduction of malignant hyperthermia (hypermetabolic response to pharmacologic agents used during surgery).
pneumatic tourniquet p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as applying a pneumatic tourniquet while minimizing the potential for patient injury from use of the device.
seizure p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as prevention or minimization of potential injuries sustained by a patient with a known seizure disorder.
standard p's a classification of isolation precautions that replaces the former classifications of universal precautions and measures used for isolation of moist body products.
subarachnoid hemorrhage p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the reduction of internal and external stimuli or stressors to minimize the risk of rebleeding prior to aneurysm surgery.
surgical p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as minimizing the potential for iatrogenic injury to the patient related to a surgical procedure.
transmission-based p's isolation precautions used when caring for patients with highly transmissible or epidemiologically important pathogens; these constitute additional measures beyond standard precautions. There are three types, depending on the type of disease the patient has: airborne precautions, droplet precautions, and contact precautions.
universal p's a group of measures formerly recommended for protection of noninfected individuals against bloodborne infections such as hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus, now replaced by the measures called standard precautions.

precaution

(pri-ko'shon) [ pre- + caution]
An action taken in advance to protect against danger, harm, or possible failure.

airborne precaution

Airborne isolation.

body substance isolation precautions

The standard precautions taken by all health care personnel, such as wearing gloves, goggles, and masks, to avoid contact with potentially infectious body substances such as urine, feces, saliva, vomit, and blood.

contact precaution

Contact isolation.

droplet precaution

Droplet isolation.
References in periodicals archive ?
The data coordinator flagged patients with positive cultures and distributed a weekly list of patients on contact precaution to all units.
20] The additional burden of having patients on contact precautions may lead to a reduction in HCW compliance with these precautions.
She surveyed hospitals to see what their procedures were, and found that across the country more than 64 different procedures for discontinuing contact precautions were employed.
The Isolation Guideline also recommends contact precautions in the presence of uncontained drainage from an abscess or pressure ulcer regardless of MDRO status (pps.
Patient care recommendations for those known or suspected to be infected with VISA or VRSA and being maintained in an acute care setting include isolation in a private room, contact precautions to include routine use of gowns and gloves for room entry, and education of all personnel who might have contact with the person so infected.
difficile includes three prongs: judicious use of antimicrobials, adherence to meticulous infection control practices for hand hygiene and contact precautions, and thorough cleaning and disinfection of the environment.
The current management of colonized infants is isolation and contact precautions to prevent spreading the infection to other babies, she said.
The hospitals reported changing their general infection control policies or practices as part of their initiatives--all 14 made changes for hand hygiene and more than half made changes to their contact precautions or disinfection of environmental surfaces.
Our goal was to implement contact precautions (CP) in all our CDUs so that patients choosing and able to do so could dialyze in their home communities.
Human influenza is thought to transmit primarily via large respiratory droplets; treatment for epidemic human influenza A rests on annual vaccination campaigns, antiviral treatment, and standard contact precautions plus droplet precautions, which are recommended for the care of patients infected with human influenza.
The Standard Precautions include Contact Precautions, which are most appropriate for the resident with MRSA, unless one wants to have it transmitted throughout the facility.
This not only saves time in diagnosing potentially life-threatening infections but also allows health care professionals to optimize treatment and start appropriate contact precautions to prevent the spread of the organism.