consequentialism


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consequentialism

(kon″sĕ-kwen′shă-lizm)
The philosophical doctrine that the correctness of a choice is proven only by what that choice produces, rather than why the choice was made or what the agent intended or hoped might occur.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the level of theory, the shift from the rehabilitative, indeterminate sentencing philosophy exemplified in the Model Penal Code to the incapacitative, determinate sentencing philosophy exemplified in the Federal Sentencing Guidelines is a shift from a sophisticated, humane consequentialism to a crude, morally obtuse consequentialism.
But he does not clearly define what he means by consequentialism.
In this paper we set out to explore the possibility of a risk-sensitive multi-dimensional consequentialism, which is able to provide ethical guidance for our decision-making in complex situations such as rapid climate change.
He thinks our communal nature enables virtue ethics and consequentialism to become united in a way that helps answer questions about justice--including justice in war.
For example, under consequentialism, ecological values will only ever outweigh economic alternatives when crisis has already occurred and policy will only be enacted to treat this symptom of biodiversity loss.
Whatever might be said for or against consequentialism as a way to organize a life or a country, it would appear difficult, at the very least, to establish that the Constitution of the United States is good, and that adhering to its original meaning is particularly good, without relying in some fashion on contestable assertions about what goodness entails.
Goodman argues that the radical altruism of the bodhisattva-ideal indicates that ethics in Mahayana Buddhism are best seen as a form of utilitarianism, and, more generally, consequentialism ("Consequences" 90).
Due to this action-guiding orientation, difficult conflicts and dilemmas arise when consequentialism and deontology do not agree.
that implicate the competing priorities of consequentialism and
For him, consequentialism is fundamentally incompatible with individualism and therefore with economic freedom and free markets because it requires choosing what ends should be pursued for the common good, which necessarily trumps individuals' judgments.
He is a published author of such articles as “Maximizing Act Consequentialism and Friendship” and “Dirty Hands: Indirect Responsibility for Unethical Acts.
Fisher uses it to do both as he combines virtue ethics with consequentialism into what he terms "virtuous consequentialism.