consent

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consent

 [kon-sent´]
in law, voluntary agreement with an action proposed by another. Consent is an act of reason; the person giving consent must be of sufficient mental capacity and be in possession of all essential information in order to give valid consent. A person who is an infant, is mentally incompetent, or is under the influence of drugs is incapable of giving consent. Consent must also be free of coercion or fraud.
informed consent consent of a patient or other recipient of services based on the principles of autonomy and privacy; this has become the requirement at the center of morally valid decision making in health care and research. Seven criteria define informed consent: (1) competence to understand and to decide, (2) voluntary decision making, (3) disclosure of material information, (4) recommendation of a plan, (5) comprehension of terms (3) and (4), (6) decision in favor of a plan, and (7) authorization of the plan. A person gives informed consent only if all of these criteria are met. If all of the criteria are met except that the person rejects the plan, that person makes an informed refusal.

In nonemergency situations, written informed consent is generally required before many medical procedures, such as surgery, including biopsies, endoscopy, and radiographic procedures involving catheterization. The physician must explain to the patient the diagnosis, the nature of the procedure, including the risks involved and the chances of success, and the alternative methods of treatment that are available. Nurses or other members of the health care team may be involved in filling out the consent form and witnessing the signature of the patient or the parent or guardian, if the patient is a minor. In medical research, the patient must be informed that the procedure is experimental and that consent can be withdrawn at any time. In addition, the person signing the consent form must be informed of the risks and benefits of the experimental procedure and of alternative treatments.

consent

[kənsent′]
Etymology: L, consentire, to agree
to give approval, assent, or permission. A person must be of sufficient mental capacity and of the age at which he or she is legally recognized as competent to give consent (age of consent). See also informed consent.

consent

Agreement to an action based on knowledge of what the action involves and its likely consequences.

consent

Medtalk A voluntary yielding of a person's free will to another. See Informed consent, Presumed consent.

consent

The implicit or explicit agreement to medical or surgical treatment or physical examination. Civil rights against personal interference are retained, however, and anything done against a person's will may be deemed an assault in law.

consent

permission granted by an adult patient (or the parent/carer) for examination or treatment; the patient should be previously informed of the nature, risks and benefits of the proposed procedure and given opportunity to seek further information from the clinician or another source in order to grant permission to the procedure freely and without duress or persuasion; consent to treatment can be implied (i.e. patient has sought treatment), verbal (i.e. patient has listened to the explanation of indications, risks and benefits of proposed procedure and has given verbal consent) or in writing by the patient, who signs and keeps a copy of signed consent form (i.e. a written document delineating the nature, risks and benefits of the proposed procedure); a copy of the signed consent must be retained within the case notes; the exact age at which a non-adult patient (i.e. a patient aged <18 years of age) can give consent is not absolutely clear (see age of consent)
  • informed consent rational consent to a treatment based on the facts provided

consent 

A voluntary approval from a person to be examined, treated or subjected to any test undertaken upon them. Consent must be obtained prior to any such intervention.

consent,

n the concurrence of wills; permission.
consent, express,
n consent directly given by voice or in writing.
consent, implied,
n consent made evident by signs, actions, or facts, or by inaction or silence.

consent

in law, voluntary agreement with an action proposed by another, e.g. agreement to treat, to euthanatize. Consent is an act of reason so that the person consenting must be sane and of sufficient age to be capable of giving consent. Written consent is an agreement in writing.

informed consent
agreement to a proposition when the consenting person is in possession of all of the facts relevant to the decision. In the eyes of the law the consent of a client to a surgical operation, to a financial expenditure, to euthanasia carries no authority unless the client is fully informed about what is to be done and what the alternatives are. If this is not done the client is entitled to sue for damages if the outcome is unsatisfactory.
References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, it might be fairer, given the information asymmetry involved, to require that a consenter have a knowledgeable agent when it comes to plea-bargaining, but not when it comes to marriage.
The feminist alternative advocated by Raigrodski empowers the consenter rather than maintaining existing power disparities.
invoking the criminal law, not to punish the consenters but to prevent
44) The federal circuits, in particular, have struggled with the situation where a police officer told the consenter that the officer would return with a search warrant if he refused to consent.
N]o matter how genuine the belief of the officers is that the consenter is apparently of sound mind and deliberately acting, the search depending on his consent fails if it is judicially determined that he lacked mental capacity.
Circuit, by police officers' ability to ask the questions they believe will elicit a favorable response rather than ones which are aimed at determining the actual relationship between the consenter and the suspect.
Another group that gave little prior thought to the advance planning of their LTC were the Reluctant Consenters.
Fifty-seven patients (forty-four consenters and thirteen refusers) approached to undergo electroconvulsive therapy were assessed for competency to give informed consent.
Thus in a variety of transactions the law requires that information be disclosed before the consenters are bound.
76) A subsequently administered questionnaire with several social risk items found a significant difference between test refusers and consenters only in their agreement that a positive result would lead them to being turned out of their home.
Table 1 Immunization Rates Area Enrollment Consent Grade Specific (consenters/ enrollment %) Urban Middle School 440 93 (21%) Urban High School (self-consent permitted) 351 177 (44%) Suburban-Rural Middle Schools 380 240 (63%) Area Completion Completed Grade Specific (completers/ Outside consenters %) Project (#/enrollment %) Urban Middle School 84 (90%) 23 (5%) Urban High School (self-consent permitted) 155 (88%) 31 (9%) Suburban-Rural Middle Schools 238 (99%) NA
But tacit consent, being merely tacit, makes for mere subjection to law, so that tacit consenters are candidates neither for the privileges nor the responsibilities of full membership in the political community (including taxation).