conscience


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conscience

 [kon´shens]
1. an inner moral sense that distinguishes right acts from wrong. Difficulties arise in how the conscience decides between good and bad. Conscience is not always an adequate justification for action.
2. the internalization of parental and social norms, related to the Freudian concept of superego; this conception of conscience has no role in ethical deliberation.
3. in bioethics, the exercise and expression of a reflective sense of integrity, constitutive of reflection about the relationship between a specific course of action and a particular idea of the self and one's integrity. Appeals to conscience presume a prior decision about the rightness or wrongness of an act. Justification is adequate if it is based on universalizable principles; if justification is founded on religious beliefs, personal ideas, or a particular way of life, others cannot be held to them.

conscience

/con·science/ (kon´shins) the nontechnical term for the moral faculty of the mind, corresponding roughly to the superego; differing in that the operations of the superego are often unconscious, unlike the ordinary conception of conscience.

conscience

(kŏn′shəns)
n.
1.
a. An awareness of morality in regard to one's behavior; a sense of right and wrong that urges one to act morally: Let your conscience be your guide.
b. A source of moral or ethical judgment or pronouncement: a document that serves as the nation's conscience.
c. Conformity to one's own sense of right conduct: a person of unflagging conscience.
2. The part of the superego in psychoanalysis that judges the ethical nature of one's actions and thoughts and then transmits such determinations to the ego for consideration.

con′science·less adj.

conscience

Etymology: L, conscientia, to be privy to information
1 the moral, self-critical sense of what is right and wrong.
2 (in psychoanalysis) the part of the superego system that monitors thoughts, feelings, and actions and measures them against internalized values and standards.
References in classic literature ?
I am ready," quoth Reason, "to rest with thee ever so that Conscience be our counsellor.
Again he saw the field full of folk , and to them now Conscience was preaching, and at his words many began to repent them of their evil deeds.
If I could eat grass I would not need a conscience, for nothing could then tempt me to devour babies and lambs.
065(2)(a) (2011) ("No individual health care provider, religiously sponsored health carrier, or health care facility may be required by law or contract to participate in the provision of or payment for a specific service if they object to so doing for reason of conscience or religion.
On Friday, January 19, 2018, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced two major actions to protect life and the conscience rights of Americans.
If James Morris did indeed vote against this amendment because of his conscience, one must wonder what sort of a human being he really is.
2) Ces exemples d'initiatives n'en sont que deux parmi des centaines qui font appel a la conscience historique des Canadiens.
WASHINGTON -- Draft rule changes to the Affordable Care Act and HHS coverage mandate that would protect moral and religious rights of conscience began circulating in Washington last week.
00--Jankelevitch's The Bad Conscience was initially published in 1933 as La mauvaise conscience, one of two doctoral dissertations submitted by the author, with subsequent revised editions published in 1951 and 1966.
The small, noisy group of conservatives, mostly Americans, who continue to challenge the teaching of Pope Francis and two synods of bishops relating to marriage and the family, deride the significance of conscience in moral decision making.
The concept of conscience is a curiously neglected aspect of Kant's practical philosophy, says Kazim, and presents the first systematic treatment of Kant's theory of conscience in the Anglophone literature.
According to mark twain, "A clear conscience is a sure sign of a bad memory.