congenital torticollis


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Related to congenital torticollis: plagiocephaly

con·gen·i·tal tor·ti·col·lis

torticollis due to a unilateral fibrous tumor in the sternocleidomastoid muscle, present at birth as a swelling that may subside or may lead to torticollis by shortening of the muscle.
A focal dystonia consisting of one-sided contracture with palpable induration of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing the chin to turn towards the opposite side and the head to rotate towards the lesion; wryneck is accompanied by facial muscle dysplasia
Aetiology Congenital form—unclear—possibly due to in utero or peripartum trauma to venous drainage, causing asymmetric development of the face and skull; the later it is recognised, the more likely it will require surgery
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