congenital scoliosis


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Related to congenital scoliosis: Idiopathic scoliosis

congenital scoliosis

an abnormal condition present at birth, characterized by a lateral curvature of the spine. It results from specific congenital rib and vertebral anomalies. The causative and pathological characteristics of congenital scoliosis are divided into six categories. Category I is associated with partial unilateral failure of the formation of a vertebra. Category II is associated with complete unilateral failure of the formation of a vertebra. Category III is associated with bilateral failure of segmentation with the absence of disk space. Category IV is associated with the unilateral failure of segmentation with the unsegmented bar. Category V is associated with the fusion of ribs. Category VI is associated with any condition not covered in the other categories. Category IV scoliosis seems to progress more rapidly and cause the greatest degree of deformity. The degree of obvious deformity caused by congenital scoliosis depends on the cause of the disease. The deformity increases with growth and age, usually progressing slowly during periods of slow growth of the trunk of the body. Treatment of congenital scoliosis may be surgical or nonsurgical. Some kinds of nonsurgical treatment techniques are exercise programs and use of orthotic devices, such as scoliosis splints or a Milwaukee brace. Surgical intervention in this disease may involve an anterior or a posterior spinal fusion. In a few individuals, additional procedures, such as spinal osteotomy, use of the Harrington rod, or halo traction, may be required. See also scoliosis.

congenital scoliosis

Scoliosis present at birth, usually the result of defective embryonic development of the spine.
See also: scoliosis

congenital scoliosis (kn·genˑ·i·tl skō·lē·ōˑ·sis),

n spine abnormality present at birth in which anomalies in certain ribs and vertebrae cause the spine to curve.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the potential for hypoxia to disrupt embryo development has been known for almost two centuries, it is the first time that gene mutations have been identified for congenital scoliosis, a condition which affects about one in 1000 newborns.
It was distinctively S-shaped in nature and possibly the worst case of congenital scoliosis I'd seen in a long time.
It is thought the young mammal was born with congenital scoliosis - genetic curvature of the spine - and has managed to live in the wild because it is still suckling from its mother.
Twenty of 23 patients had idiopathic scoliosis, 2/23 had neuromuscular scoliosis, and 1/23 had congenital scoliosis.
Rahma was born with severe congenital scoliosis, which meant her spine was badly twisted and she had only four ribs on her left side, rather than the normal 12.
Dennis Ogelia, the patient's treating physician, admitted the patient to the hospital for treatment of congenital scoliosis.
Ninety percent of idiopathic or congenital scoliosis appears in girls.

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