congenital hemolytic anemia


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con·gen·i·tal he·mo·lyt·ic a·ne·mi·a

accelerated destruction of red blood cells due to an inherited defect, such as in the membrane in hereditary spherocytosis.

con·gen·i·tal he·mo·lyt·ic a·ne·mi·a

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl hē'mō-lit'ik ă-nē'mē-ă)
Accelerated destruction of red blood cells due to an inherited defect, such as in the membrane in hereditary spherocytosis.

congenital hemolytic anemia

Any of a group of inherited chronic diseases marked by disintegration of red blood cells, jaundice, splenomegaly, and gallstones. Hereditary spherocytosis is the most common of these hemolytic diseases. Other such anemias include congenital elliptocytosis, hereditary stomatocytosis, and hemolytic anemias caused by enzymatic defects of the red cell, of which glucose-6–phosphate dehydrogenase and pyruvate kinase deficiency are the most important. Synonym: hemolytic icterus; hemolytic jaundice See: glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
See also: anemia
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