confinement

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con·fine·ment

(kon-fīn'ment),
Lying-in; giving birth to a child.
[L. confine (ntr.), a boundary, confine, fr. con- + finis, boundary]

con·fine·ment

claustrophobia.

confinement

(kən-fīn′mənt)
n.
1. The act of confining or the state of being confined.
2. Lying-in.

confinement

[kənfīn′mənt]
Etymology: L, confinis, common boundary
1 a state of being held or restrained within a specific place in order to hinder or minimize activity.
2 the final phase of pregnancy, during which labor and childbirth occur. See also puerperium.

confinement

Obstetrics See EDC/EDL–expected date of confinement or expected date of labor.

con·fine·ment

(kŏn-fīn'mĕnt)
Lying-in; giving birth to a child.
[L. confine (ntr.), a boundary, confine, fr. con- + finis, boundary]

confinement

The period from the start of labour to the delivery of the afterbirth (placenta).

confinement

restriction of animals' movements so that they are not allowed to range freely and graze pasture but are confined either outdoors or indoors, with food brought to them. The degree of confinement varies from tie-stalls for cows and farrowing crates for sows, to lounging barns and feedlots for cattle.

total confinement
animals housed at all times; a common practice in some tropical countries where protection from the heat and humidity may be essential for high-producing livestock; labor and engineering services are costly production items.
References in periodicals archive ?
Group-I birds were reared in free-range and group-II birds in confinement rearing systems.
Behavioral observations for the birds kept under confinement and free-range rearing systems were monitored and compared.
Comparative month vise behavioral time-budget for turkeys in confinement and free range rearing systems.
85% time for aggressiveness behavior in confinement which is higher than time 8.
In confinement rearing system, average time spent in feather pecking was recorded 7.
Time budgets (%) of Maleagris gallopavo in free range and confinement rearing systems.
Variations in behavioral aspects of Maleagris gallopavo in free-range and confinement rearing systems.
23% in turkeys reared in confinement and free range rearing systems, respectively.
Birds reared under confinement rearing system spent maximum time 8.
There are dozens and probably hundreds of other studies worldwide concerning gases and human diseases caused by those gases in confinement systems.
Confinement workers also exhibit decreased pulmonary function indicative of both chronic and acute effects (Boyer, 1974; Thelin, 1984; Stahuliak-Berinc, 1977; Brouwer, 1986; Holness, 1987; Donham, 1989; Reynolds, 1993; Donham, 1984; Muller, 1986; Petro, 1978).
Now, from the OSHA studies on hydrogen sulfide (which the Minnesota Pollution Control Association has measured at 30 times the federal limit at confinement sites):