There have been some reports of condylectomy
as a last measure.
Humphrey performed the first condylectomy
for ankylosis in 1854.
Front photos comparing the results of high condylectomy at baseline, one month after surgery, and one year later
19) Various treatment protocols have been published, (20) but high condylectomy is thought to be one of the best treatment options (21) because it is expected that removal of the top pole of the condyle would stop mandible growth in the affected region and would therefore provide stable longterm results combined with orthognathic surgery.
Effects of altered mandibular function on mandibular growth after condylectomy
Surgical procedure involved condylectomy
followed by temporalis muscle flap interpositioning.
7%)A variety of techniques for the treatment of TMJ ankylosis have been described including intraoral coronoidectomy, ramus osteotomy, high condylectomy
, forceful opening of the jaw under general anesthesia, autogenous Costochondral graft (CCG),  and free vascularized wholejoint transplants.
The management protocol in cases of ankylosis includes mainly brisement force, condylectomy
and the gap arthroplasty.
Facial skeletal changes after mandibular condylectomy
in the adult monkey.
Moorthy and Finch1 broadly classified the usual treatment of ankylosis of the tem- poromandibular joint in three groups: a) Condylectomy
b) Gap arthroplasty c) Interpositional arthroplasty.
of the patients was performed in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Children Hospital Lahore using combined Bramly-Alkayat mod- ified retromandibular and submandibular incisions.
4 During the past 150 years since the first condylectomy
for the relief of ankylosis there has been a gradual evolution of the techniques em- ployed for its management.