compression plating


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com·pres·sion plat·ing

a technique for internal fixation using a compression plate.

compression

1. the act of pressing upon or together; the state of being pressed together. A specific example is compression plating in fracture repair.
2. in embryology, the shortening or omission of certain developmental stages.
3. see data compression.
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Compression screws used in fracture repair in horses. By permission from Hinchcliff KW, Kaneps AJ, Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery, Saunders, 2004

compression band
pulled tightly across an animal on an x-ray table to reduce thickness, restrict respiratory movement and restrain the patient. Both ends of the band are fixed to the table and there is a mechanism for tightening it. May be used to apply pressure to an organ such as the urinary bladder to impede filling with excreted dye, but in other applications has the disadvantage of distorting organs and their disposition.
compression/distraction methods
a stress-radiographic method of positioning dogs for the assessment of hip laxity for the diagnosis of hip dysplasia. One radiograph is taken with the femoral heads compressed into the acetabula. The other position is with maximal lateral displacement of the femoral heads using a special device for leverage.
hourglass compression
in wobbler syndrome of Great Dane dogs, characteristic compression of the cervical spinal cord caused by hypertrophy of the annulus fibrosus, hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum and degenerative disease of articular facets.
compression plating
an internal fixation method of treating fractures by the application of plates across the fracture lines and fixing them in place with specially designed screws. The objective is to provide extreme stability of the fracture. Properly designed plates of the correct size for the patient and the use of screws with maximum holding power make the system independent of any additional form of support.
compression plating device
a device that is connected to an already fixed end of a compression plate and then connected to the other bone fragment so as to obtain as complete compression as possible. Not commonly used when modern dynamic compression plates are utilized.
spinal cord compression
compression of the cord by a space-occupying lesion in the vertebral canal causes an upper motor neuron syndrome below and a lower motor neuron syndrome at the site of the lesion.
References in periodicals archive ?
More information on Wright Medical's foot and ankle products, including CLAW([R]) II Polyaxial Compression Plating System, can be found at www.
We believe that hypertrophic nonunions of the humeral shaft should continue to be treated with compression plating alone; while atrophic nonunions can be treated with rhOP-1 and allogenic bone graft material instead of using an autogenous bone graft.
The fixation device market is segmented into spinal, external, intramedullary and hip fixation devices, compression plating and specialty screws, and staples, pins and wire.
Forearm fractures in children that cannot be reduced or held in the reduced position can be managed by compression plating, external fixation, or Kirschner wire stabilization.