inspection or investigation, especially as a means of diagnosing disease.
in the nursing interventions classification
, a nursing intervention
defined as inspection and palpation of the breasts and related areas.
mental status examination a standardized procedure to gather data to determine etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment for patients with mental disorders.
physical assessment of the internal pelvic organs. It includes inspection with a speculum, a papanicolaou smear
, bimanual palpation, and a rectovaginal examination.
physical examination examination of the bodily state of a patient by ordinary physical means, as inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.
examination (eg-zam?i-na'shon) [L. examinatio, equipoise, balance, examination]
Inspection of the body to determine the presence or absence of disease. Examination has been proposed as an international replacement for test, testing, and analysis although each of these words is more common in professional literature.
examination under anesthesia Abbreviation: EUA
Any operative or invasive procedure done while the patient is sedated, in order to improve patient tolerance, alleviate pain or anxiety, or improve the quality of the exam.
bimanual examination See: pelvic examination
The visual, digital, and radiographic inspection of the teeth and surrounding structures, including the head and neck. The depth of the gingival sulcus is also probed and measured around each tooth to assess the state of health of the periodontium. The examination is completed with a mirror, explorer, periodontal probe, and dental radiographs.
digital rectal examination Abbreviation: DRE
Palpation of the anus, rectum, and prostate gland with a gloved finger, used in the diagnosis of intestinal bleeding, anorectal pain, and both benign and malignant diseases of the prostate.
The patient should be positioned for comfort, e.g., in Sims position (lying on the left side with knees and hips comfortably flexed). A chaperone and/or a drape should be provided for patient safety, comfort, and dignity. After an explanation of the procedure to the patient, several mL of surgical lubricant are placed on the examiner's glove, usually on the index finger. The examiner visually inspects the anus and perineum, then places the gloved finger on the anal opening while asking the patient to bear down gently. After the finger enters the anus, it is used to sweep circumferentially around the interior of the distal intestine. It is then directed anteriorly (when examining a male patient) to evaluate the consistency, size, and nodularity of the prostate gland. Samples of stool obtained during the exam may be sent to the lab to test them for the presence of occult blood.
A radiographic examination in which a radiopaque and a radiolucent contrast medium are used simultaneously to visualize internal anatomy.
Direct visualization of an internal organ with a fiber-optic tube, often accompanied by biopsy of suspicious lesions.
Folstein Mini Mental Status Examination See: Folstein Mini Mental Status Exam
Examination by urinalysis, blood tests, microbiological cultures, and other tests of body fluids.
Mini-Mental State Examination Abbreviation: MMSE
A common test to quantify a person's cognitive ability. It assesses orientation, registration, attention, calculation, and language. Scoring is from 0 to 30, with 30 indicating intact cognition.
multilingual aphasia examination Abbreviation: MAE
A battery of tests to measure language abilities in patients with speech disturbances. It consists of 11 components, including the abilities to repeat a sentence, spell, read, understand spoken directions, identify objects depicted in drawings, and articulate clearly.
PELVIC EXAM WITH PAP SMEAR
PELVIC EXAM WITH PAP SMEAR
PELVIC EXAM WITH PAP SMEAR
PELVIC EXAM WITH PAP SMEAR
Physical examination of the vagina and adjacent organs. A speculum is used first to visualize anatomical structures. During speculum examination, cultures and Pap test specimens may be obtained. After the speculum is removed, the pelvic organs and rectum are examined manually by the examiner. See: illustration
periodic health examination
A health screening examination performed on a scheduled or routine basis. The appropriate features of this examination depend on the patient's age, gender, and sometimes health history, family history, or employment status. Adult women should have periodic examinations that include Pap smears and mammography; professional pilots and truckers are screened periodically for visual impairment and hypertension. All adults over age 45 should be screened for diabetes mellitus. Patients with a personal history of cancer may be screened periodically for evidence of disease recurrence. For many patients, the periodic examination may include blood tests (e.g., to check levels of cholesterol and other lipids), immunological tests (e.g., health care workers are periodically screened for tuberculosis), or invasive examinations (e.g., sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to look for colon cancer). Synonym: annual exam
; periodic medical examination
; Papanicolaou test
; table under cancer
periodic medical examinationPeriodic health examination.
physical examination Abbreviation: PEx
Examination of the body by auscultation, palpation, percussion, inspection, and olfaction.
Examination by various means of visualizing body spaces and organs and their functions, e.g., by computed tomography, fluoroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography, or related techniques.
rapid trauma examRapid trauma assessment.
Physical examination of the abdomen and rectum, e.g., to determine the cause of abdominal pain, or to identify guarding, internal bleeding or organ enlargement, masses, or tenderness.
n 1. inspection; search; investigation; inquiry; scrutiny; testing.
n 2. the inspection or investigation of part or all of the body to measure and evaluate the state of health or disease. The examination may include visual inspection, percussion, palpation, auscultation, and measurement of mobility as well as various laboratory and radiographic procedures.
examination, anteroposterior extraoral radiographic
n an examination in which the film is placed at the posterior direction with the rays passing from the anterior to the posterior direction to record images.
examination, bite-wing intraoral radiographic
n radiography in which an intraoral radiograph records on a single film the shadow images of the outline, position, and mesiodistal extent of the crowns, necks, and coronal third of the roots of both the maxillary and mandibular teeth and alveolar crests.
examination, body section extraoral radiographic
n (tomogram), a radiographic procedure of various internal layers of the head and body accomplished by the synchronized movement of the roentgen-ray tube and film in parallel planes but in opposite directions from each other. Also known as
tomography, laminagraphy, planigraphy, and
examination, bregmamentum extraoral radiographic
n radiography in which the film is placed beneath the chin, with the rays directed downward through the junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures (bregma) to the chin (mentum).
examination, cephalometric extraoral radiographic
n See cephalometric radiography.
n 1. the visual and tactile scrutiny of the tissues of and surrounding the oral cavity.
n 2. the formal testing of the dental professional student to determine whether his or her skills meet or exceed established standards.
n a methodical, complete assessment of an individual involving basic and supplementary procedures as well as evaluation of the plan for preventive care.
examination, extradental intraoral radiographic
n an examination in which the film is placed between the teeth and the tissue of the cheek or lip for the exploration or localization of the internal structures of these tissues.
examination, extraoral radiographic
n an examination of the oral and paraoral structures by exposing films placed extraorally, in contrast to intraorally.
n the observation of the primary visual symptoms of periodontal disease, including color changes; changes in surface texture; deviations from normal contour and structure, tissue tone, and vitality; presence or absence of clefts; and the position of attachment.
n an examination of all the structures contained within the oral cavity.
examination, intraoral radiographic
n the examination of the oral and paraoral structures by exposing films placed within the oral cavity.
examination, lateral facial extraoral radiographic
n an examination by means of a lateral head film.
examination, lateral head extraoral radiographic
n an examination in which the film is placed parallel to the sagittal plane of the head.
examination, lateral jaw extraoral radiographic
n an examination in which the film is placed adjacent to the mandible.
n an assessment typically conducted during an emergency situation for the management of a critical medical condition.
examination, mental extraoral radiographic
n an examination in which the film is placed beneath the chin, and the radiation is directed through the long axis of the mandibular central incisors while the oral cavity is open.
Examination, National Board Dental Hygiene
examination, oblique occlusal intraoral radiographic
n an exploratory examination of the maxillae or mandible using an occlusal type of film placed between the teeth. The rays are directed obliquely downward or upward (usually 60° to 75° in the vertical plane) and parallel to the sagittal plane.
examination, panoramic extraoral radiographic
n a curved, single-film radiography in which the beam source and film rotate in a synchronized manner about the head, exposing oral structures sequentially with simultaneous exposure of corresponding areas of the film.
examination, periapical intraoral radiographic
n the basic intraoral examination, showing all of a tooth and the surrounding periodontium.
examination, posteroanterior extraoral radiographic
n an examination in which the film is placed anteriorly, with the rays passing from the posterior to the anterior direction.
examination, profile extraoral radiographic
n a lateral head examination to show the profile of bone and soft tissue outline. It uses a decrease in milliampere seconds or an increase in target-film distance for recording the soft tissue image.
n 1. the production of the number of radiographs necessary for the radiologic interpretation of the part or parts in question.
n 2. the study and interpretation of radiographs of the oral cavity and associated structures.
examination, stereoscopic extraoral radiographic
n a radiographic examination used in conjunction with a stereoscope for localization. Exposures of two films are made, with identical placement of each film adjacent to the part in question and with a different angulation for each exposure.
examination, temporomandibular extraoral radiographic
n an examination in which the film is placed adjacent to the area to be examined, with the rays directed through a point that is 2.5 inches (6.25 cm) above the tragus of the opposite external ear, with a vertical angulation of 15° and a horizontal angulation of 5° downward. Various other techniques and angulations are used, including laminagraphy, in examining this area.
examination, true occlusal topographic intraoral radiographic
n the radiography of the maxillae or mandible using an occlusal type of film placed between the teeth, with the rays directed at right angles to the plane of the film or through the long axis of the teeth adjacent to the part in question.
examination, Waters extraoral radiographic
n.pr the posteroanterior examination of the paranasal sinuses. The film is placed in contact with the nose and chin, with the rays directed at right angles to the plane of the film.