complementary DNA


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Related to complementary DNA: genomic DNA

DNA

 
complementary DNA (cDNA) (copy DNA (cDNA)) synthetic DNA transcribed from a specific RNA through the reaction of the enzyme reverse transcriptase.

com·ple·men·ta·ry DNA (cDNA),

1. single-stranded DNA that is complementary to messenger RNA;
2. DNA that has been synthesized from mRNA by the action of reverse transcriptase.

complementary DNA

n. Abbr. cDNA
Single-stranded DNA synthesized in the laboratory using messenger RNA as a template and the enzyme reverse transcriptase.

com·ple·men·ta·ry DNA

(cDNA) (kom'plĕ-men'tăr-ē)
1. Single-stranded DNA that is complementary to messenger RNA.
2. DNA that has been synthesized from mRNA by the action of reverse transcriptase.

complementary DNA

A sample of DNA that has been produced from MESSENGER RNA after conversion into double-strand DNA.

complementary DNA

see CDNA.
References in periodicals archive ?
Editors Moretti and Rizzo (no affiliations listed) have collected research in the field on the use of oligonucleotides for detecting complementary DNA and RNA such as in DNA microarrays and the synthesis of artificial genes.
The second complementary DNA strand (key) is located in a detection pen, provided separately.
The mixture of the patient's DNA and the normal control DNA is allowed to match up, or hybridize, with the complementary DNA segments on the slide.
At high NaCl concentrations, nanoprobe aggregation in the absence of a complementary DNA sequence turns the solution purple (indicating an absorbance peak shift toward the longer wavelength).
To determine which gene or genes the LAT microRNA might be acting on, Fraser's team used another computer program to search for complementary DNA segments.
The invention specifically provides isolated complementary DNA copies of mRNA corresponding to rat and human homologues of a mammalian catecholarnine receptor gene.
32]P-end labeling and annealed to the complementary DNA (see Figure 1A for nucleotide sequences).
Complementary DNA was amplified by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) by using primers from the small (S) RNA segment of C-CHFV (4).
By adding fluorescent labels to the complementary DNA, researchers can estimate the degree of cytokine expression by the brightness of each dot.
On the basis of types: Oligonucleotide DNA Microarrays (oDNA) and Complementary DNA Microarrays (cDNA)
DNA polymerase then produces complementary DNA strands in the extension step.
Built at the scale of one billionth of a meter, each device is made of a circular, single-stranded DNA molecule that, once it has been mixed together with many short pieces of complementary DNA, self-assembles into a predetermined 3D structure.

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