compensatory hypertrophy


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hypertrophy

 [hi-per´tro-fe]
increase in volume of a tissue or organ produced entirely by enlargement of existing cells. See also hyperplasia and proliferation. adj., adj hypertro´phic.
asymmetrical septal hypertrophy
2. the term is sometimes limited to cases of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in which the hypertrophy is localized to the interventricular septum. See also hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) age-associated enlargement of the prostate resulting from proliferation of glandular and stromal elements, beginning generally in the fifth decade of life; it may cause urethral compression and obstruction. Called also benign prostatic hyperplasia and nodular hyperplasia of the prostate.
cardiac hypertrophy enlargement of myocardial cells and hyperplasia of nonmuscular cardiac components due to pressure and volume overload and sometimes to neurohumoral factors.
compensatory hypertrophy that which results from an increased workload due to some physical defect, such as in an organ where one part is defective, or in one kidney when the other is absent or nonfunctional.
functional hypertrophy hypertrophy of an organ or part caused by its increased activity.
ventricular hypertrophy hypertrophy of the myocardium of a ventricle, due to chronic pressure overload; it is manifest electrocardiographically by increased QRS complex voltage, frequently accompanied by repolarization changes.

com·pen·sa·to·ry hy·per·tro·phy

increase in size of an organ or part of an organ or tissue, when called upon to do additional work or perform the work of destroyed tissue or of a paired organ.

compensatory hypertrophy

[kəmpen′sətôr′ē]
Etymology: L, compensare, to balance
an increase in the size or the function of an organ or part to counteract a structural or functional defect. See also compensated heart failure.

com·pen·sa·to·ry hy·per·tro·phy

(kŏm-pen'să-tōr-ē hī-pĕr'trŏ-fē)
Increase in size of an organ or part of an organ or tissue, when called on to do additional work or perform the work of destroyed tissue or of a paired organ.
Synonym(s): complementary hypertrophy.

compensatory hypertrophy

An increase in the size of an organ or volume of a tissue following loss or malfunction of the paired organ or loss of functioning tissue.

compensatory hypertrophy

the enlargement of a tissue or organ as a result of removal or damage, e.g. if one kidney is removed from a human, the other enlarges.

compensatory

pertaining to or emanating from compensation.

compensatory hypertrophy
impaired function of one organ in a paired organ system or of part of an organ in a single organ system is followed by enlargement of the surviving organ or tissue so that functional capacity is maintained.
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