community-acquired infection

community-acquired infection

an infection contracted outside of a health care setting or an infection present on admission. Community-acquired infections are often distinguished from nosocomial, or hospital-acquired, diseases by the types of organisms that affect patients who are recovering from a disease or injury. Community-acquired respiratory infections commonly involve strains of Haemophilus influenzae or Streptococcus pneumoniae and are usually more antibiotic sensitive.
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Assistant director of operations Kath McGrath said: "Two wards at the Royal Glamorgan Hospital have been temporarily closed as a result of the community-acquired infection norovirus.
Multivariable analysis was performed by using a logistic regression with a stepwise approach to compare cases of hospital-acquired infection with cases of community-acquired infection and survivors with nonsurvivors in PICUs.
Washington, Feb 18 ( ANI ): A new, under-recognized, much more potent variant of a common bacterium has begun causing community-acquired infection in young, healthy individuals in the U.
The researchers focused on those who developed pneumonia and/or sepsis, and excluded those who transferred from another facility, as well as those with immune suppression, cancer, or a community-acquired infection.
As the rates of both facility-and community-acquired infection incidence rise, active and accurate reporting of infection is failing to keep pace.
Out of 161 admitted patients, 33 had a community-acquired infection and 35 acquired an infection during their hospital stay, 10 while in a ward before admission to the intensive care unit and 25 while in an intensive care unit, giving an infection rate of 42% of all admissions (68 patients).
Community-acquired infection from the 'hospital-adapted' form of Acinetobacter is very rare and most strains are sensitive to antibiotics.
Defining clinical features are the ability to cause serious, life-threatening community-acquired infection in younger healthy hosts, including liver abscess, pneumonia, meningitis and endophthalmitis and the ability to metastatically spread, an unusual feature for enteric Gram-negative bacilli in the non-immunocompromised.
Characteristics of bacteremia between community-acquired and nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae infection: risk factor for mortality and the impact of capsular serotypes as a herald for community-acquired infection.
ESBL-producing Gram negatives are no longer confined to nosocomial infections and have emerged as a source of community-acquired infection, particularly E.
Fortunately for us, even with MRSA community-acquired infection, if the patient is stable and doesn't warrant hospital admission, he or she can be treated orally with a sulfa drug as an outpatient.
Community-acquired infection probably included healthcare-associated infections, a recently described epidemiologic category distinct from both community-acquired and nosocomial status.

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