common law

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com·mon law

(kom'ŏn law)
A system of law based on custom, tradition, and court decisions rather than on written legislation.

common law

A system of law that originated in medieval England and is based on former legal decisions (precedent) and custom, not on legislation. Common law constantly evolves from previous decisions and changing custom. It forms the basis of the legal system in the U.S. (except Louisiana), the U.K. and most other English-speaking countries and is therefore the most frequent source of legal precedent for malpractice cases.
See also: law

common law,

n a judge-made law, as contrasted with statutory law. This body of law originated in England and was in force at the time of the American Revolution; modified since that time on a case-by-case basis in the courts.


a shared structure, function, disease. See also under specific name of the item, e.g. atrioventricular canal.

common chemical sense
mediated by the trigeminal nerve from chemical sense organs in the conjunctival sac and in the nasal and buccal cavities.
common fee
the fee for professional services agreed to formally or informally by a local group of the veterinary profession, usually determined by an interpractice survey of fees actually charged.
common law
the law of common usage, the practice or code which is usually followed. Based on decisions of the courts in individual cases. It is not written down as statutory law is.
common pathway
see coagulation pathways.
common salt
see sodium chloride.
common source
a point from which a number of animals are infected or affected. The point from which a common source or point epidemic begins.
common stonecrop
common sucker
References in periodicals archive ?
If a resident's common-law employer is a state or local government entity, such as a state university or hospital, an agent will determine whether the resident's services are covered under a Section 218 "agreement.
The Administration's proposal would restore the pre-1948 inequality that existed between community property and common-law states: Married couples must treat community property as 50% owned by each spouse, while married couples in common-law states can arrange for their property to be 100% owned by the older spouse (increasing the likelihood that the entire property will be included in the estate of the first spouse to die).
Because this is a common-law state, Y does not have any state property interest in X's Sec.
His vision of common-law constitutionalism, procedurally at least, shares much in common with the liberals.
The new law clarifies that a taxpayer may take into account only wages that are paid to the taxpayer's common-law employees and reported on a W-2 filed with the Social Security Administration no later than 60 days after the W-2's extended due date.
I doubt whether a priest would require the confession of a lifetime of serious sins, though he might ask whether the communicant lives in a sinful state, such as living in an adulterous or common-law relationship, or practising contraception, etc.
The notion of common-law marriage is a persistent myth which can lead to serious financial loss and emotional distress.
However, a plan that includes one or more common-law employees (in addition to the owners) is protected, making ERISA protections applicable to all participants.
It was not so long ago that common-law relationships were regarded as living in sin, and that these relationships, not same-sex relationships, were seen as the biggest threat to the traditional institution of marriage.
The opening one, "Law and Custom in the Western Legal Traditions," sets the historical context by outlining the importance of custom in Roman law, which had a strong hold on continental law through the medieval period and was influential in the Anglo-American common-law tradition.
Despite the growing prevalence and acceptability of common-law marriages in Quebec, women in this type of union continue to be at greater risk for negative birth outcomes than those in traditional marriages.
Under the act, couples in common-law relationships will have obligations and rights with respect to property, including providing for a partner after a breakup by sharing what has been acquired during the relationship and passing on property after death to the survivor.