common law

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Related to common law: civil law, Common law marriage

com·mon law

(kom'ŏn law)
A system of law based on custom, tradition, and court decisions rather than on written legislation.

common law

A system of law that originated in medieval England and is based on former legal decisions (precedent) and custom, not on legislation. Common law constantly evolves from previous decisions and changing custom. It forms the basis of the legal system in the U.S. (except Louisiana), the U.K. and most other English-speaking countries and is therefore the most frequent source of legal precedent for malpractice cases.
See also: law

common law,

n a judge-made law, as contrasted with statutory law. This body of law originated in England and was in force at the time of the American Revolution; modified since that time on a case-by-case basis in the courts.


a shared structure, function, disease. See also under specific name of the item, e.g. atrioventricular canal.

common chemical sense
mediated by the trigeminal nerve from chemical sense organs in the conjunctival sac and in the nasal and buccal cavities.
common fee
the fee for professional services agreed to formally or informally by a local group of the veterinary profession, usually determined by an interpractice survey of fees actually charged.
common law
the law of common usage, the practice or code which is usually followed. Based on decisions of the courts in individual cases. It is not written down as statutory law is.
common pathway
see coagulation pathways.
common salt
see sodium chloride.
common source
a point from which a number of animals are infected or affected. The point from which a common source or point epidemic begins.
common stonecrop
common sucker
References in periodicals archive ?
Review of Allure C Hutchinson, Laughing at the Gods: Great Judges and How They Made the Common Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University, Press, 2012), pp 328.
Hutchinson's book reflects a double-pronged preoccupation: first, a preoccupation with "choosing" individuals who satisfy the criteria Hutchinson offers for being included on a shortlist of "great judges", and second, a preoccupation with "musing" as to the contributions of these selected few to the creation and continuity of the common law.
If a foreign entity is the common law employer, it may be able to shift some or all of its employment tax liabilities to another entity.
The appointment of an agent or the existence of a statutory employer does not alter the determination of whether the foreign entity is the common law employer for purposes of the permanent establishment determination.
The common law rule that a mistake of law is no defense is very old, indeed, but longevity alone should not be a sufficient justification for its continued use.
The Visoly court did not discuss, in dicta or otherwise, the common law exception to a plaintiff's right to voluntarily dismiss an action.
Scalia's attack on the common law in A Matter of Interpretation is directed at its use in resolving questions of statutory interpretation and constitutional law.
And what are we to say of the profession itself when in far too many instances, although of course not by any means in all instances, professional pride and professional commitment deriving in large part from a living awareness of the mighty inheritance of the Common Law, have been hollowed out by the billable hour and the overarching obligation to 'make budget'?
Statement of Maggie Turner relative to having stabbed to death with an ice pick, her Common law [sic] husband Dock Richardson," May 19, 1935, Transcripts of Statements.
He argues not only that it is common law, not legislation, that is more predictable, certain, and conducive to liberty and the rule of law, but that the superiority of the common law on this point derives from its unwritten nature and the "discovery" process of judges.
Il a comme objectif principal de familiariser le corps etudiant des programmes de common law en francais de l'Universite de Moncton (5), de l'Universite McGill (6), de l'Universite d'Ottawa (7) et d'autres facultes de droit canadiennes qui offrent des cours de common law en francais, avec un domaine fondamental du droit de la common law.