knowledge

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knowledge

 [nŏ´lej]
the ability of a client to remember and interpret information.
knowledge deficit (specify) a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the absence or deficiency of cognitive information related to a specific topic. For purposes of assessing knowledge deficit, setting objectives, and planning and implementing patient teaching, three broad areas or domains are recognized: the cognitive, the affective, and the psychomotor domains. These were devised by Benjamin S. Bloom and colleagues as a part of a taxonomy of educational objectives, whose purpose is to classify and better identify specific goals for teaching, learning, and evaluation of outcomes of the process.

The cognitive domain deals with the recall or recognition of knowledge and the development of intellectual abilities and skills. The affective domain encompasses interest, attitudes, and values. The psychomotor domain is the manipulative or motor-skill area of learning.

Learning objectives in each of these domains should be stated in behavioral terms. Educators contend that a change in behavior is evidence that learning has taken place. Hence, criteria by which one judges whether learning has occurred are written in terms of what the learner is able to do as a result of instruction. In the cognitive domain a goal of learning might be that the patient verbalizes dosage of prescribed medication, its expected actions, and any untoward reactions to be reported. In the affective domain, a change in attitude or value is observed as a change in behavior. Thus the fact that a patient loses the desired amount of weight in a specific period of time while following a special diet is evidence that the diet is valued and therefore has been followed. In the psychomotor domain a goal could be that the patient is able to take and record his or her own blood pressure accurately each day.

The overall purposes of assessing and implementing plans for correction of a knowledge deficit are to assist the patient and family members (1) to promote their own health and that of family members, (2) to maintain current health status and improve it as much as possible according to each person's capabilities, and (3) to improve to the fullest one's self-care abilities.

knowledge

classified in psychology as (1) declarative knowledge awareness of factual information; (2) procedural knowledge knowledge of how to perform a task.
References in periodicals archive ?
When it comes to knowledge assets, the decision to exercise an option can be a real dilemma for a firm.
A total of 180 pubs have signed up for the challenge to find the most clued-up group of regulars when it comes to knowledge of local history.
Star Wars'' fans are infamous for their holier-than-thou attitude when it comes to knowledge of movie minutiae, but legions of them could be hoarding valuable ``collectibles'' that might in fact just be ordinary toys.
When it comes to knowledge of real service so many such representatives are still wet behind the ears, and have not yet grown out of life's napkins
However, most of us would probably agree that when it comes to knowledge about the effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions it's good to have both feet on the ground, even if somewhat precariously balanced.
What many districts are finding--and often times too late--is that not all architectural firms are created equal when it comes to knowledge about how science needs to be taught today.
The gap between Aquinas and contemporary philosophy is especially pronounced when it comes to knowledge, where a welter of terms "such as cognito, intelligere, notitia, credere, opinio, fides, and especially scientia" would need to be properly translated and understood before engagement with contemporary positions could take place.
But when it comes to knowledge of our country, I admit I need some help.
When it comes to knowledge management, the electronic way is the only way that data can be pulled together and made sense of.
Tosh, after 20 years of managing abroad, has been there, done it and worn the T-shirt when it comes to knowledge of the continental game - not exactly an unimportant factor for international football.
When it comes to knowledge of your market and sector does your company:
consumers are in the dark when it comes to knowledge about smart grid innovations, those who are enlightened about the technology's capabilities are ready to upgrade--especially when their lights are out.