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the act of turning; especially the manual turning of the fetus in delivery.
bipolar version turning done by acting upon both poles of the fetus by either external or combined version.
cephalic version turning of the fetus so that the head is the presenting part.
external version that done using outside manipulation.
internal version that done using the hand or fingers inserted through the dilated cervix.
pelvic version version by manipulation of the breech (buttocks) of the fetus.
podalic version conversion of a more unfavorable presentation into a footling presentation.
spontaneous version one that occurs without aid from any extraneous force.
bipolar version by means of one hand in the vagina, the other on the abdominal wall.
Mechanical version by combined internal and external manipulation.
See also: version