colocynth


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to colocynth: Colocynthis

col·o·cynth

(kol'ō-sinth),
The peeled dried fruit of Citrullus colcynthis (family Cucurbitaceae), an herb that grows on the sandy shores of the Mediterranean, resembling somewhat the watermelon plant; formerly widely used as a cathartic and laxative.
Synonym(s): bitter apple
[G. kolokynthē, the round gourd or pumpkin]

colocynth

A drastic purgative drug, no longer in use.

colocynth

citrulluscolocynthis.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the present study, the most frequently used plants to control diabetes in our region are walnut, fenugreek, and colocynth.
The fruit of the colocynth is said to be used as a strong laxative.
AL-LAITH: A local newspaper reported on Sunday that an old woman who had lost her sight nearly 50 years ago returned to the land of the seeing after her granddaughter accidentally struck her with a colocynth (aka bitter apple).
colocynth (as the label imports) comes to us in a manner well
When from the poet's plinth The amorous colocynth Yearns for the aloe, faint with rapturous thrills, How can he hymn their throes Knowing, as well he knows, That they are only uncompounded pills?
The dried pulp of the unripe but full grown fruit freed from the rind, constitutes the drug colocynth and was included in the Pharmacopoeia of India for treating loss of hair (The Wealth of India 1992).
And the new Oxford English Dictionary records the term 'Chinese mandragoras' in the sense of ginseng, while the Steingass Persian-English dictionary gives this definition for the expression mardum-giya: 'a plant, the produce of China, said to resemble a man and woman, and to which many wonderful effects are attributed; mandrake, colocynth.
Dr Tanvir Jamil recommends colocynth (bitter cucumber) 6C, and/or argentum nitricum (silver nitrate) 6C, four times daily.
Scammony, aloes and colocynth are all purgative drugs.
A compound containing calomel combined with colocynth, a purgative extracted from the bitter cucumber, was also prescribed frequently.