collar


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collar

 [kol´er]
a type of orthosis worn around the neck for support and stabilization. See also cervical orthosis.
cervical collar cervical orthosis.
Chandler collar a neck brace made of soft felt.
four poster collar a rigid brace with four upright rods to support the neck and reduce motion; it has chin and occipital supports.
Philadelphia collar a rigid, adjustable neck brace.
Philadelphia collar. From Dorland's, 2000.

col·lar

(kol'ăr), In most contexts, the phrase cervical collar is redundant.
A band, usually denoting one encircling the neck.

collar

/col·lar/ (kol´er) an encircling band, generally around the neck.
cervical collar  see under orthosis.
Philadelphia collar  a type of cervical orthosis that restricts anterior-posterior cervical motion considerably but allows some normal rotation and lateral bending.

collar

Etymology: L, collum, neck
any structure that encircles another, usually around its neck, such as the periosteal bone collars that form around the diaphyses of young bones.

col·lar

(kol'ăr)
1. A garment or part of a garment surrounding the neck.
2. Any encircling band.
3. A device used to limit motion or support the neck.
[L. collare, fr. collum, neck]

collar

(kol'ar) [L. collare, neckband]
1. A band worn around the neck.
2. A structure or marking formed like a neckband.
3. A device designed to limit movement of the neck.

cervical collar

A soft or rigid band of plastic or padded foam that is designed to limit extension, flexion, and lateral movement of the neck. Soft collars usually are reserved for confirmed strains of the neck. See: rigid cervical collar; cervical immobilization device; orthosis; Philadelphia collar for illus.

collar of Venus

Syphilitic leukoderma

extrication collar

Rigid cervical collar.
Enlarge picture
PHILADELPHIA COLLAR

Philadelphia collar

A firmly constructed, lightweight collar used to restrict cervical spine movement, e.g. during extrication of injured patients from motor vehicles.
See: illustration

rigid cervical collar

A firm plastic collar applied to the neck of a patient whose mechanism of injury may lead to a neck injury. It is designed to limit flexion, extension, and lateral movement of the neck. Because no collar eliminates all movement, patients who have not yet had a fracture ruled out by x-ray examination should remain immobilized to a backboard. Synonym: extrication collar See: cervical immobilization device

venereal collar

Syphilitic leukoderma

col·lar

(kol'ăr) In most contexts, the phrase cervical collar is redundant.
A band, usually denoting one encircling the neck.
[L. collare, fr. collum, neck]

collar,

n the small part of the root of a tooth that is a part of an artificial tooth (denture).

collar

a decoration or harness worn around the neck. The primary means of restraint for domestic dogs. Used in cats as ornaments or to carry identification. See also elizabethan collar.

choke collar
see choke chain.
flea collar
see flea collar.
collar galls
friction sores caused by rubbing of a saddlery collar on a horse's shoulder.
horse collar
part of draft, cart or buggy harness. Made of leather, stuffed and lined with felt, they are fitted to the neck of the horse. They carry the metal hames to which plow chains or leather traces are attached.
tube collar
a rigid cylinder, usually fashioned from x-ray film, applied around the neck to prevent the animal or bird from turning around to traumatize parts of the body with their mouth or beak.
References in classic literature ?
I was standing with my back to the nearest window, my hat jammed over my brows and my overcoat collar up to my ears.
Another of those who had accompanied them from the fields approached with the harness and collar that had been taken from the dead body that the head had formerly topped.
Noosed in the customary way, his four legs dragged through the bars, and his head, by means of a "choke" collar, drawn against the bars, he was first of all manicured.
The putting on of the rescued collar and cuffs was a task which absorbed her whole mind.
Matthew, dressed up with a white collar and driving in a buggy, was something that didn't happen often.
The collar was a little jagged at the edge, and so came the long scissors to cut off the jagged part.
I suppose they've each got "TWEEDLE" round at the back of the collar,' she said to herself.
He slipped a dog collar around Pinocchio's neck and tightened it so that it would not come off.
The few foot passengers astir in that quarter hurried dismally and silently along with coat collars turned high and pocketed hands.
My hand dropped from his collar, and my head sunk on my breast.
Upon which,' said Mr Meagles, 'as a practical man, I then and there, in that presence, took Doyce by the collar, and told him it was plain to me that he was an infamous rascal and treasonable disturber of the government peace, and took him away.
The follow touched his hat with a grin, expecting something for his pains; but, the old gentleman, eyeing him with an expression of dislike, look anxiously round, as if he contemplated running away himself: which it is very possible he might have attempted to do, and thus have afforded another chase, had not a police officer (who is generally the last person to arrive in such cases) at that moment made his way through the crowd, and seized Oliver by the collar.