colistin


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Related to colistin: Colistin sulfate

colistin

 [ko-lis´tin]
an antibiotic produced by Bacillus polymyxa var. colistinus, or the same substance produced by other means; it is related chemically to polymyxin, and used in treatment of infections.

co·lis·tin

(kō-lis'tin),
A mixture of cyclic polypeptide antibiotics from a strain of Bacillus polymyxa; separable into polymyxins.
Synonym(s): colimycin

colistin

/co·lis·tin/ (ko-lis´tin) an antibiotic produced by Bacillus polymyxa var. colistinus, related to polymyxin and effective against many gram-negative bacteria; used as the sulfate salt.

colistin

(kə-lĭs′tĭn, kō-)
n.
An antibiotic produced by the bacterium Bacillus polymyxa (also known as B. colistinus) that is effective against a wide range of gram-negative bacteria and is used in the treatment of certain infections, especially of the ear.

colistin

An antibiotic produced by the bacterium Bacillus colistinus and effective against Pseudomonas aeruginosa . It is used to sterilize the inside of the bowel and bladder and on the skin and external ear. A brand name is Colomycin.

colistin

a polymyxin antibiotic, active against gram-negative organisms and used in the treatment of urinary tract infections. Called also polymyxin E.
References in periodicals archive ?
The better in vitro efficacy of colistin against CPE in our set up is probably because of restricted usage due to high cost and limited availability of antimicrobial.
Colistin in South Africa (SA) is only authorised in exceptional circumstances following application to and approval from the Medicines Control Council, as stipulated in section 21 of the Medicines and Related Substances Control Act.
25) in Korea, colistin was found to be the most efficient antimicrobial against P.
pneumoniae isolates were found to be resistant to polymyxin B, whereas no isolates were resistant to colistin.
The researchers described how they were able to test bacteria to quickly tell whether they were resistant to colistin, and how easily they might pass this resistance on to other bacteria.
Dr Andrew Ginn, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, discussed the results of their study, looking at the colistin MIC of 4555 Enterobacteriaceae (excluding those intrinsically resistant species), from 2007 to 2016.
baumannii to a novel combination of colistin and tigecycline, which may provide a faster and more efficacious treatment via a synergistic effect.
Although rare, pandrug resistant isolates have also been described, which show resistance to sulbactam, minocycline, tigecycline and colistin.
Because of a high minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to colistin, the isolate was tested at CDC for the mcr-1 gene, which confers plasma-mediated resistance to colistin; the results were negative.
Introduction: Colistin can be used in patients infected with carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii complex (CR-ABC), but recently resistance to colistin and heteroresistance have been reported.