coliform


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Related to coliform: Coliform Count

coliform

 [kol´ĭ-form]
pertaining to fermentative gram-negative enteric bacilli, sometimes restricted to those fermenting lactose, i.e., Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, and Citrobacter.

coliform

/col·i·form/ (kol´ĭ-form) pertaining to fermentative gram-negative enteric bacilli, sometimes restricted to those fermenting lactose, e.g., Escherichia, Klebsiella, or Enterobacter.

coliform

(kō′lə-fôrm′, kŏl′ə-)
adj.
Of or relating to various gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria that ferment lactose, especially those such as E. coli that commonly inhabit the intestines of humans and other vertebrates.

co′li·form′ n.

coliform

[kol′ifôrm]
Etymology: (E.) coli + L, forma, form
1 pertaining to the colon-aerogenes group, or the Escherichia coli species of microorganisms, which comprises most of the intestinal flora in humans and other animals. Presence of coliforms is used as a standard indication of water pollution with fecal matter.
2 having the characteristic of a sieve or cribriform structure, such as some of the porous bones of the skull.

coliform

Of, or pertaining to, the bacterium Escherichia coli , which is present in countless numbers in the colon.

coliform

(of Gram-negative rod bacteria) normally inhabiting the colon, e.g. Escherichia coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, Klebsiella. See GRAM'S STAIN.

coliform

pertaining to fermentative gram-negative enteric bacilli, sometimes restricted to those fermenting lactose, i.e. Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter and Citrobacter. A wider range is also used and includes Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pasteurella spp., and Aerobacter aerogenes.

avian coliform septicemia
a disease of chickens, ducklings and young turkeys causing heavy mortality. Characterized at autopsy by fibrinous exudates on the surface of all viscera and E. coli in all organs.
coliform gastroenteritis
a disease of recently weaned pigs characterized by sudden death or severe diarrhea and caused by pathogenic serotypes of E. coli. The pigs often die of dehydration and toxemia. Those that survive have lost a lot of condition. Called also post-weaning diarrhea.
coliform mastitis
peracute bovine mastitis caused by E. coli and characterized by minor enlargement and inflammation of the udder, thin serous milk containing small flakes. There is profound shock, the mortality rate is high and the quarter is lost. See also mastitis-metritis-agalactia of sows.
coliform pyometra
the more severe form of pyometra in bitches and queens, characterized by severe toxemia and a fetid, viscous, red-brown uterine exudate.
coliform septicemia
see septicemic colibacillosis.
coliform septicemia, ducks
manifested by moist granular to curd-like exudate in the pericardial sac, pleural and peritoneal cavities and air sacs.
References in periodicals archive ?
The level of fecal coliform is the important parameter to determine the water quality of a body of water, she explained.
The coliform problem besetting Boracay and now Panglao can be traced to inadequate sewage systems.
He said the problem in the region has now been solved, although one water source in Troodos has remained shut because small traces of coliform bacteria are still present.
Faecal coliforms mix with water through leaks on lines of WASA.
Samples contaminated with coliforms after pasteurization had significantly higher SPC counts and significantly lower sensory scores on day 14 of testing than those not contaminated with coliforms.
Fecal coliform bacteria measurements were obtained from two samples collected during August 2013, two samples collected during October 2013, and one collected during February 2014 (Table I).
According to the fecal coliform definition, the bacteria in the feces of homeothermic animals can also be found in the soil, plants or other environments not directly contaminated by fecal matter (CONAMA, 2005).
Coliform bacteria were determined by incubation of samples into lactose broth, as presumptive test.
The soil analyses in this study indicated that thermotolerant coliform populations were significantly smaller in the fertilized soils compared to the organic fertilizers (Table 4) for all three crops at both evaluation times (Tables 5 and 7).
Multiple tube fermentation technique was used for total and fecal coliform count.