colibacillosis


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colibacillosis

 [ko″lĭ-bas″ĭ-lo´sis]
infection with Escherichia coli.

co·li·bac·il·lo·sis

(kō'li-bas'i-lō'sis),
Diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli. Often called enteric colibacillosis.

colibacillosis

/co·li·bac·il·lo·sis/ (ko″lĭbas″ĭ-lo´sis) infection with Escherichia coli.

co·li·bac·il·lo·sis

(kō'li-bas-i-lō'sis)
Diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli. Often called enteric colibacillosis.

co·li·bac·il·lo·sis

(kō'li-bas-i-lō'sis)
Diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli. Often called enteric colibacillosis.

colibacillosis

infection with Escherichia coli; takes many forms, some of them septicemic, some toxemic due to absorption of the enterotoxin and some locally toxigenic. See also coliform mastitis, mastitis-metritis-agalactia of sows, neonatal colibacillosis (below), coliform gastroenteritis of weaned pigs, edema disease, cerebrospinal angiopathy, coligranuloma.

enteric colibacillosis
the form of colibacillosis characterized by varying degrees of diarrhea. It occurs in all species, especially in the very young less than one week old. In pigs it occurs also immediately after weaning. Specific serotypes, distinct from those that cause septicemia, cause this enteric form of the disease. They have two virulence factors: 1. fibrial (pilus) attachment antigens that allow them to attach to the enterocyte.
2. the ability to produce enterotoxins that alter fluid absorption and excretion in the small intestine. The cardinal sign is diarrhea, varying from pasty to profuse and watery, foul smelling and pale in color. Most affected calves continue to feed and recover spontaneously in a few days. The others become anorectic, dehydrated and weak and die in 3 to 5 days. In newborn pigs the disease is much more serious and the majority of piglets die. In weaned pigs the situation is the same with many pigs dying quickly before other signs become evident. The critical clinical sign is a profuse diarrhea with death due to dehydration and electrolyte losses. The enteric form of the disease is uncommon in foals and lambs where the septicemic form prevails.
enterotoxemic colibacillosis
toxin produced by a specific serotype is absorbed from the gut and exerts its toxicity on remote tissues. See also edema disease. Called also enterotoxic colibacillosis.
neonatal colibacillosis
a highly fatal form of colibacillosis which can occur in the young of all species during the first 48 hours of life. A high prevalence is usually associated with a low intake of colostrum and colostral antibodies and the presence of pathogenic serotypes. The disease may take the form of a septicemia or a profound endotoxemia or be limited to the gut lumen and cause severe diarrhea.
post-weaning colibacillosis
post-weaning coliform gastroenteritis.
septicemic colibacillosis
invasion of the systemic circulation, with the probability of infection of all tissues, with Escherichia coli. The source of infection may be mastitis, metritis, cystitis, omphalophlebitis or enteritis. Characterized clinically by toxic shock, cardiovascular collapse, hypothermia, coma, a short course and a high mortality rate. Survivors may develop disease due to localization in joints, meninges, etc. Commonest in foals, calves and piglets.

Patient discussion about colibacillosis

Q. Can Alcoholism makes you vulnerable to intestine infections? A friend of mine is a heavy drinker, he had something like 5 infections in the past year. Is it connected?

A. yes

More discussions about colibacillosis
References in periodicals archive ?
Among these, the bacteria belonging to the ETEC group are primarily responsible for colibacillosis in both newborn and weaned pigs (MELKEBEEK et al.
Mainly, these were pathogens of salmonellosis, colibacillosis, listeriosis, and clostridiosis.
Serogroups O2, O21, and O78 are commonly existing in poultry which deeply infested by colibacillosis (Ewers et al.
22% was found most prevalent disease in broilers followed by Colibacillosis 18.
Some of these infectious diseases are tuberculosis, colibacillosis, salmonellosis, brucellosis and helminthoses.
Passive immunization of piglets against enterotoxigenic colibacillosis by vaccinating dams with K88ac pili bearing bacterin.
coli has a triple benefit: 1) it generates data that support treatment strategies for commercial poultry and thus reduces both the incidence and mortality associated with avian colibacillosis (Blanco, Blanco, Mora, & Blanco, 1997); 2) it offers an "early warning system" with respect to the drug resistance of zoonotic bacteria (e.
coli infection in animals is sometimes known as colibacillosis and is a major cause of bacterial diarrhea in young ruminants especially calves.
Demonstration of passive protection in neonatal calves against colibacillosis following immunization of pregnant heifers at 3 months of gestation.
Apramycin is predominantly used in poultry breeder flocks for short periods, to treat clinical cases of colibacillosis and infections caused by E.