colectomy


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colectomy

 [ko-lek´to-me]
excision of the colon or of a portion of it.

col·ec·to·my

(kō-lek'tō-mē),
Excision of a segment or of the entire colon.
[G. kolon, colon, + ektomē, excision]

colectomy

/co·lec·to·my/ (ko-lek´tah-me) excision of the colon or of a portion of it.

colectomy

(kə-lĕk′tə-mē)
n. pl. colecto·mies
Surgical removal of part or all of the colon.

colectomy

[kəlek′təmē]
Etymology: Gk, kolon, colon, ektomē, excision
surgical excision of part or all of the colon, performed to treat cancer of the colon, diverticulitis, or severe chronic ulcerative colitis. For several days before surgery a low-residue diet is prescribed. Antibiotics, bowel-cleansing enemas, or an oral bowel preparation solution are given to reduce the number of bacteria in the bowel. Parenteral fluids and electrolytes are given, and a nasogastric tube is passed. The nurse gives postoperative care as for any abdominal surgery. The nasogastric tube is connected to suction and remains in place until bowel sounds are heard. See also abdominal surgery.

colectomy

GI disease The surgical removal of various lengths of the colon; partial colectomies–with a rim or margin of healthy Tx are motivated by CA and acute diverticulitis; more complete colectomies–hemi-colectomy, total colectomy are indicated for long-standing ulcerative colitis, familial adenomatous polyposis, premalignant conditions which eventuate into cancer. See Open colectomy.

col·ec·to·my

(kŏ-lek'tŏ-mē)
Excision of a segment or all of the colon.
[G. kolon, colon, + ektomē, excision]

colectomy

Surgical removal of the large intestine (COLON). When this is done, a new outlet must be made for the lower end of the remaining intestine, in the form of a COLOSTOMY or ILEOSTOMY.

Colectomy

Surgical removal of the large bowel.
Mentioned in: Intestinal Polyps

colectomy

excision of the colon or of a portion of it.
References in periodicals archive ?
At 5 years' follow-up in COST, laparoscopic and open colectomy showed similar rates of both local and distant recurrences, and the rate of wound site recurrences was less than 1% in each group.
In a phase 2 study of intravenous methylnaltrexone in patients who had undergone segmental colectomy surgery, those individuals who received methylnaltrexone exhibited an acceleration of gastrointestinal recovery by at least one day on average compared to placebo.
The risk of CRC in patients with CD was overlooked in early studies because of failure to evaluate cases with colitis as a separate risk group and to take into account the effects of early colectomy.
The patient developed multiple adenomatous polyps, and was successfully treated 15 years later by total colectomy.
Although the TNF-refractory market is relatively limited in size, the high unmet need for treatments that cater to this population and potentially delay or prevent colectomy will drive major-market sales of approximately $740 million in 2021, constituting about 20 percent total market share.
An elderly female patient with renal failure presented with features of sepsis following a partial sigmoid colectomy for diverticular disease, with a left iliac fossa colostomy in place.
Abdominal exploration revealed an obstructing tumor mass requiring colectomy, which proved by biopsy to be an intestinal neuroma.
Despite treatment with metronidazole, cholestyramine, and oral vancomycin, she spontaneously aborted her fetuses and died 3 days later, even after receiving subtotal colectomy, intubation, and inotropic medication.
Early (3-month) treatment response on endoscopy was the only factor that ed correlated with the primary combined ch end point of need for immunosuppres-sants, hospitalization, and colectomy.
Urban veterans also were more likely to go to higher performance hospitals for cancer resections, particularly for colectomy, esophagectomy, and pancreatic resection (although the large percentage differences for the latter two procedures are suspect due to small sample sizes).
If a subsequent colectomy margin has no tumor, it is R0 (colon), and if a liver metastasis is found grossly at colectomy and confirmed microscopically, it is R2 (liver).
They develop the cancer relatively early in life and the only treatment is surgery, often a total colectomy - the removal of the entire colon.

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