colectomy

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colectomy

 [ko-lek´to-me]
excision of the colon or of a portion of it.

col·ec·to·my

(kō-lek'tō-mē),
Excision of a segment or of the entire colon.
[G. kolon, colon, + ektomē, excision]

colectomy

/co·lec·to·my/ (ko-lek´tah-me) excision of the colon or of a portion of it.

colectomy

(kə-lĕk′tə-mē)
n. pl. colecto·mies
Surgical removal of part or all of the colon.

colectomy

[kəlek′təmē]
Etymology: Gk, kolon, colon, ektomē, excision
surgical excision of part or all of the colon, performed to treat cancer of the colon, diverticulitis, or severe chronic ulcerative colitis. For several days before surgery a low-residue diet is prescribed. Antibiotics, bowel-cleansing enemas, or an oral bowel preparation solution are given to reduce the number of bacteria in the bowel. Parenteral fluids and electrolytes are given, and a nasogastric tube is passed. The nurse gives postoperative care as for any abdominal surgery. The nasogastric tube is connected to suction and remains in place until bowel sounds are heard. See also abdominal surgery.

colectomy

GI disease The surgical removal of various lengths of the colon; partial colectomies–with a rim or margin of healthy Tx are motivated by CA and acute diverticulitis; more complete colectomies–hemi-colectomy, total colectomy are indicated for long-standing ulcerative colitis, familial adenomatous polyposis, premalignant conditions which eventuate into cancer. See Open colectomy.

col·ec·to·my

(kŏ-lek'tŏ-mē)
Excision of a segment or all of the colon.
[G. kolon, colon, + ektomē, excision]

colectomy

Surgical removal of the large intestine (COLON). When this is done, a new outlet must be made for the lower end of the remaining intestine, in the form of a COLOSTOMY or ILEOSTOMY.

Colectomy

Surgical removal of the large bowel.
Mentioned in: Intestinal Polyps

colectomy

excision of the colon or of a portion of it.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hospital charges for laparoscopic colectomies ranged from $10,247 to $14,947, with a median charge of $12,742.
Preliminary results from a prospective analysis of 1194 laparoscopic-assisted colectomies.
Two patients died and three underwent colectomies during a 2-week period--"something I haven't seen in 25 years and hadn't seen in [the] 3 1/2 years" of the study of alcohol-based hand rubs, he said during a scientific session at the meeting.
During the study, three patients reported adverse events: one reported fatigue; two patients, who did not respond to infliximab therapy, underwent total colectomies.
Study 14CL302 was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-centered study that enrolled approximately 450 patients who were scheduled to undergo partial colectomies, simple or radical hysterectomies and to receive opioid analgesics.
In this study, the laparoscopic surgery took significantly longer, at a mean of 180 minutes, compared with 144 minutes for the open procedure, although hand-assisted laparoscopy decreased the time needed for left colectomies by a mean of 20 minutes.
BALTIMORE--Combination therapy with either 6-mercaptopurine or azathioprine plus cyclosporine may help patients with severe ulcerative colitis avoid colectomies for at least 12 years, Dr.
During 1991-1995, 36 of the 42 patients initially had complete responses to 4 mg/kg of cyclosporine per day, while 6 patients failed the treatment and had colectomies.
Of the 21 patients who had surveillance and did not elect to have colectomies, none had CRC at the last exam.
They analyzed 114 families with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer: 887 relatives were cancer-free at one or more surveillance exams, 110 underwent a partial colectomy and 29 had total colectomies.
At our center, the colorectal surgeons perform colectomies with such a low perioperative mortality that we rarely if ever, recommend cyclosporine for acute severe colitis.

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