cognitive rehabilitation


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rehabilitation

(re?ha-bil?i-ta'shon) [L. rehabilitare, to restore]
1. The treatment and education that help the disabled to attain maximum function, a sense of well-being, and a personally satisfying level of independence. Rehabilitation may be necessitated by any disease or injury that causes mental or physical impairment serious enough to result in functional limitation or disability. The postmyocardial infarction patient, the post-trauma patient, patients with psychological illnesses, and the postsurgical patient need and can benefit from rehabilitation efforts. The combined efforts of the patient, family, friends, medical, nursing, allied health personnel, and community resources are essential to making rehabilitation possible. Synonym: restorative care
2. In dentistry, the methods for restoring dentition to its optimal functional condition. It may involve restoration of teeth by fillings, crowns, or bridgework; adjustment of occlusal surfaces by selective grinding; orthodontic realignment of teeth; or surgical correction of diseased or malaligned parts. It may be done to improve chewing, to enhance the aesthetic appearance of the face and teeth, to enhance speech, or to preserve the dentition and supporting tissues. Synonym: mouth rehabilitation; occlusal rehabilitation; oral rehabilitation

aquatic rehabilitation

Aquatic therapy.

aural rehabilitation

Any treatment used to improve the hearing or expressiveness of a hearing-impaired person.

cardiac rehabilitation

A structured, interdisciplinary program of progressive exercise, psychological support, nutritional counseling, and patient education to enable attainment of maximum functional capacity by patients who have experienced a myocardial infarction.

cognitive rehabilitation

Cognitive retraining.

driver rehabilitation

Specialized assistance provided to those who need to develop or improve their skills and abilities to enable greater safety or independence in driving because of physical, cognitive, or perceptual deficits. Services typically include clinical assessment, assistance with seating and positioning, simulated driving practice, on-road evaluation and training, passenger car evaluation, and recommendations for vehicle modifications. See: driver rehabilitation therapist

mouth rehabilitation

Rehabilitation (2).

occlusal rehabilitation

Rehabilitation (2).

oral rehabilitation

Rehabilitation (2).

neurological rehabilitation

A supervised program of formal training to restore function to patients who have neurodegenerative diseases, spinal cord injuries, strokes, or traumatic brain injury.

nutritional rehabilitation

A comprehensive nutritional program for patients with especially grave nutritional deficits, such as those caused by severe eating disorders or malabsorption syndrome.

penile rehabilitation

Any technique or medication that improves erectile function after radical prostatectomy.

pool rehabilitation

Aquatic therapy.

psychiatric rehabilitation

Any intervention that helps people with psychiatric or psychological restrictions to participate successfully in school or work, the management of their own homes, and relationships with others.
Synonym: psychosocial rehabilitation

psychosocial rehabilitation

Psychiatric rehabilitation.

pulmonary rehabilitation

A structured program of activity, progressive breathing and conditioning exercises, and patient education designed to return patients with pulmonary disease to maximum function.

cognitive rehabilitation,

n therapy that connects memory failure with a person's relationship, anxiety, and self-concept issues. Has been used for traumatic brain injury.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Cognitive rehabilitation for schizophrenia and the putative role of motivation and expectancies.
Overall, Cognitive Rehabilitation focused on timely concerns that persons with brain injuries, service providers, and families face on a daily basis.
It can provide excellent reference material and a guide to specific techniques useful in the cognitive rehabilitation of persons with traumatic brain injury.
Effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation following acquired brain injury: A meta-analytic re-examination of Cicerone et al.
The key to cognitive rehabilitation is making sure people with dementia retain their independence.
The ST group followed a cognitive rehabilitation program using the computer-based platform Guttmann, NeuroPersonalTrainer[R] (Garcia-Molina et al.
Therapeutic activities include those similarly used in cognitive rehabilitation (Cappa et al.
In response to this gap, a pilot trial, entitled "Cognitive Rehabilitation for Parkinson's disease dementia: a pilot randomised controlled trial (CORD-PD)," assessing the application and potential efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation (CR) for people with mild to moderate PDD and DLB, is currently underway [23].
Different authors have agreed that CBT for schizophrenia can be divided into four categories: (3,5-8) psycho-educational family therapy; (9) social skills training and problem-solving; (10) cognitive rehabilitation therapies; (11) and cognitive-behavioral therapy for positive symptoms.
Different approaches have been proposed such as cognitive rehabilitation, occupational therapy, physical activity, music therapy, art therapy and others interventions (5,6).
Neurocognitive testing may help to identify particular areas of dysfunction that would be amenable to some kind of cognitive rehabilitation.
Cognitive rehabilitation has been in use for years for treating cognitive disorders that are due to head trauma, stroke, and operated central nervous system tumors (10).

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