cognitive impairment


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cognitive impairment

The loss of intellectual function, i.e., of thinking effectively. It may occur briefly after drug overdose or alcohol use, during sepsis, or after severe head injury. Permanent cognitive impairment may occur in older adults. Approximately half of the population over 85 show permanently impaired thinking when tested with standard assessment tools.
See also: impairment
References in periodicals archive ?
Women who had 15 or more breathing interruptions per hour and women who spent more than 7 percent of their sleep not breathing were found to be almost twice as likely to have dementia and other cognitive impairments than those who had no breathing problems during sleep.
To examine the effect of cognitive impairment on time to progress through each of the three stages of pathways-to-care, we conducted three separate analyses of variance (ANOVAs) for each of the three stages (recognition of a vocational problem, initiation of help-seeking behavior, and participation in treatment).
Dr Susanne Sorensen, head of research at the Alzheimer's Society, said: "Increasing our understanding of mild cognitive impairment could help us unravel the many mysteries still surrounding Alzheimer's disease and move us closer to treatments and a cure.
People living without a partner at mid-life had around twice the risk of developing cognitive impairment in later life compared with people living with a partner," the study found.
People with type 2 diabetes have a greater rate of decline in cognitive functioning and risk of future dementia than people without diabetes, but the cognitive impairment is associated with poor diabetes control.
This study used several types of cognitive tests to determine if cognitive impairment predicted mortality in patients with severe COPD.
12] levels, however, folic acid appeared to protect against cognitive impairment, and it had no significant relationship to anemia, the researchers report in the January American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Specifically, the risk for dementia and cognitive impairment increased 70% in women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy before age 46 and 260% in women who had unilateral oophorectomy before age 38, Dr.
The purpose of this Program Announcement with set-aside funds (PAS) is to invite applications to study the biological basis of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI).
A person with mild cognitive impairment experiences only short-term memory loss and none of the other symptoms commonly associated with dementia.
1995) compared people living with MS who were still working with those who had retired prematurely and found that people living with MS who were still working had fewer cognitive deficits, and concluded that cognitive impairment can be as or more disabling than the physical limitations people with MS experience.
Abstract: Them are inconsistencies in the literature regarding the prevalence of cognitive impairment among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS).

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