cognitive dissonance

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Related to cognitive dissonance: cognitive behavioral therapy


discord or disagreement.
cognitive dissonance anxiety or similar unpleasant feelings resulting from a lack of agreement between a person's established ideas, beliefs, and attitudes and some more recently acquired information or experience.

cog·ni·tive dis·so·nance the·o·ry

a theory of attitude formation and behavior describing a motivational state that exists when a person's cognitive elements (attitudes, perceived behaviors, etc.) are inconsistent with each other (dissonance), such as the espousal of the Ten Commandments concurrent with the belief that it is all right to cheat on one's taxes, and indicating that people try to achieve consistency (consonance) by changing attitudes, rationalizing, selective perception, and other means.
See also: balance theory, consistency principle.

cognitive dissonance

n. Psychology
The psychological tension that occurs when one holds mutually exclusive beliefs or attitudes and that often motivates people to modify their thoughts or behaviors in order to reduce the tension.

cognitive dissonance

Etymology: L, cognoscere, to know, dis, opposite of, sonare, to sound
a state of tension resulting from a discrepancy in a person's emotional and intellectual frame of reference for interpreting and coping with his or her environment. It usually occurs when new information contradicts existing assumptions or knowledge.

cog·ni·tive dis·so·nance

(kog'ni-tiv dis'ŏ-năns)
A motivational state that exists when a person's attitudes, perceptions, and related cognitive state are inconsistent with each other, e.g., hating African Americans as a group but admiring Martin Luther King, Jr.

cognitive dissonance

A psychological term meaning conflict resulting from inconsistency between beliefs and actions, as of a person professing an ethical code but cheating at the Customs.

cognitive dissonance

a subjective state of psychological tension induced when a person holds two or more cognitions that are inconsistent. For example, a person might hold the cognition that they enjoy smoking whilst at the same time believing that smoking is harmful to their health. It is proposed that such dissonant states motivate one of three kinds of behaviour to reduce the dissonance: changing one of the cognitions (for example, by changing the behaviour associated with it, such as giving up smoking); dismissing the importance of one of the cognitions (for example, by telling oneself that smoking is not that bad for one's health); or by adding a justifying cognition (for example, by telling oneself that one does not smoke too much).
References in periodicals archive ?
Regardless of the context in which cognitive dissonance is described and in spite of many students' familiarity with the feeling (Lindblom-Ylanne, 2003), they often have difficulty comprehending the concept when discussed in class.
003 level, with greater cognitive dissonance for females; the School and Learning score was significant at the 0.
Cognitive dissonance, Sarofim explained, would then lead to feelings of guilt, which in turn would lead to low self-esteem among the police.
Could the stumbling block be cognitive dissonance based on misguided marketing?
39) The theory of cognitive dissonance was first introduced by psychologist Leon Festinger (1919-1989) in his 1957 publication A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance.
As a positive driving force, cognitive dissonance causes us to think creatively to solve problems, however, it becomes negative when we rationalise bad situations and accept it as the way things are.
The topics of discussion included: the effects of beliefs on behavior, learning styles (an often-overlooked factor in mathematics difficulty), teacher efficacy, cognitive dissonance, guided imagery, and relaxation as applied to the personal reflection and self-development related to the participants' teaching.
Results give instant comparisons between high value target pictures (faces) compared with neutral pictures that do not evoke visual recognition through cognitive dissonance (Festinger, 1957).
Cognitive dissonance (Festinger, 1957) has been shown to affect attitudes and behavior by creating inconsistent cognitions within individuals (Draycott & Dabbs, 1998).
Because adolescents are typically in a time of identity versus role confusion (Erikson, 1950/1963), the cognitive dissonance they experience is magnified.
In Marciak's hermetic discourse, there is virtually no space for irony or cognitive dissonance, little sense of the contested social and material reality that produced court performance, and few spectators with personal responses.
Unprecedented in particular is the enactment of depraved laws by Catholic politicians who nevertheless present themselves for Holy Communion, apparently immune to the psychological condition known as cognitive dissonance.

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