cognitive ability


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cognitive ability

The ability of the brain to process, retrieve, and store information. Impairment of these brain functions is common in patients with dementia, drug intoxication, or head injury.
See also: ability
References in periodicals archive ?
Since substantial evidence suggests that cognitive ability measures are highly effective predictors of training performance (Schmidt & Hunter, 1998), cognitive ability test scores are included in the study as a covariate in regression analyses involving the personality scales.
In the future, it is worth discussing an additional system under which a special driver's license would be issued to people with reduced cognitive ability that would allow them drive in limited areas, banning them from driving on expressways and arterial highways, for example.
Moreover, these experiments demonstrate that high workload had a greater effect on individuals with low cognitive ability than on individuals with high cognitive ability.
Cognitive ability tests play a prominent role in the personnel selection systems of many organisations both overseas and in New Zealand.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the rationale and validity of limiting scores, particularly upper-limit scores, on cognitive ability tests used in selection.
Association of early childbearing and low cognitive ability, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2002, 34(5): 236-243.
We reasoned that to the extent to which probability misjudgment, low cognitive ability, and belief in the paranormal are associated, low cognitive ability in general rather than specific deficits in probabilistic reasoning may be the actual precursor of paranormal beliefs.
As stated earlier, numerous studies have shown that, compared to later in life, genes account for less variance in cognitive ability in early childhood and shared environment accounts for more.
Achievement need is a personality characteristic which should be indicative of an individual's trait motivation, whereas cognitive ability should accurately represent an individual's capability to perform effectively.
Murray and Herrnstein present a pessimistic summary of efforts to raise cognitive ability through social programs.
First is the claim that IQ stratification is becoming ever more intense and central in a supposedly postindustrial world that requires and rewards cognitive ability over all else.
Intelligence, or general cognitive ability (GCA), has a long, well-documented history of research that reliably predicts important organizational outcomes such as job performance and career success (e.

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