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the act or process of knowing, perceiving, or remembering. adj., adj cog´nitive.


1. Generic term embracing the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


/cog·ni·tion/ (kog-nish´un) that operation of the mind process by which we become aware of objects of thought and perception, including all aspects of perceiving, thinking, and remembering.cog´nitive


1. The mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.
2. That which comes to be known, as through perception, reasoning, or intuition; knowledge.

cog·ni′tion·al adj.


Etymology: L, cognoscere, to know
the mental process characterized by knowing, thinking, learning, understanding, and judging. Compare conation. cognitive, adj.


a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as the ability to execute complex mental processes. See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.

mini-mental test

Neurology A brief clinical test of mental status, where each correct answer in a series of questions is given one point–total score 30
Mini-mental test
Orientation in time: Year, season, month, date, day–total 5 points–pts
Orientation in space Country, state, county, town, place, hospital ward–5 pts
Cognition Serial 7s–x 5 or spell world backwards–5 pts
Short recall Name 3 objects–total 3 pts
Memory Rename 3 above objects–3 pts
Follow a three-part command Take a paper, fold it, put it on the floor–3 pts
Common object recognition Name 2 familiar objects–2 pts
Recognition of common phrase 'No ifs, ands, or buts'–1 pt
Read and obey 'Close your eyes'–1 pt
Write simple sentence–1 pt
Copy drawing Intersecting pentagons–1 pt
A change in mental status and a score > 27 points is most often associated with affective depression; depressed Pts with cognitive impairment have scores of ± 20, those with true dementia often have scores of < 10 J Psych Res 1975; 12:189


1. The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


The mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. These include perception, reasoning and possibly intuition.


The act or process of knowing or perceiving.


the psychological processes by which individuals acquire and process information, generally applied to thought processes and memory. cognitive psychology the branch of psychology concerned with the study of cognition.


Generic term embracing mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
[L. cognitio]

cognition (cognish´ən),

n the higher mental processes, including understanding, reasoning, knowledge, and intellectual capacity.

Patient discussion about cognition

Q. What is cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of depression? What is it all about? Please explain? Could someone who has actually had this explain what it is all about. I don't want to get a copy and paste answer from a web page somewhere, just a simple explanation in plain simple terms that I could relate to.

A. You mention "for example thoughts of worthlessness"

Could anyone identify other examples of these types of thoughts?

I struggle the most with guilt and shame.

What others think of me being a recovering alcoholic, someone who has depression, having a son who has been in a penitentiary several times.

What can anyone really do about these thoughts anyway. I have not come up with anything that works except to offer them all back up to God and let them all go.

What else could a professional come up that is any better than that? I would really like to know. Otherwise, what good would it really do?

More discussions about cognition
References in periodicals archive ?
This use further takes support from a curious text on angelic cognition, in which Thomas presents various modes of being relevant to cognitional being.
51) Differentiation increasingly involves the subject in a world mediated by meaning, because cognitional operations are mediated through symbolic representations.
What does it mean to say that Christ elicited natural and supernatural cognitional acts?
As is well known, Aquinas identifies cognition with the cognitional or intentional existence of the thing known in the knower.
However, since he holds that (a) the intellect is a tabula rasa at birth, (b) the soul, as the form of the body, makes use of the body, and (c) the latter's primary function in the cognitional realm is to provide species, it follows that the agent intellect must play a crucial role in our acquisition of knowledge.
13) As a result, he tends to see deliberation and decision as simply an extension of cognitional activity.
Understanding Aquinas's statement that cognitive agents differ from noncognitive agents by receiving the forms of other things intentionally to be tantamount to a criterion for identifying cognitional activity and cognitive agents, Pasnau then examines possible interpretations of Aquinas.
Still, there are differences in cognitional theory that need to be addressed: the criterion of truth, realism versus idealism, proof or argument (Pannenberg) versus conversion (Lonergan) as ground of theological doctrines.
As Lonergan envisages this strategy in his most important work, Insight, it rests on the analysis and objectification of the invariant structure of human cognitional process.
In a clear, rhetorical style, Melchin and Picard argue that Lonergan's cognitional theory suggests a mediation process--one oriented around the transformative power of insights--that can navigate conflicts successfully.
32) Between the origin of cognition in the existing thing and the termination of cognition in the object known, there arises an intermediate cognitional entity that Poinsot calls "representative" being (esse repraesentativum).
Chapter 3 presents Lonergan's cognitional and ethical theory as grounding an economic anthropology appropriate for CST.

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