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the act or process of knowing, perceiving, or remembering. adj., adj cog´nitive.


1. Generic term embracing the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


/cog·ni·tion/ (kog-nish´un) that operation of the mind process by which we become aware of objects of thought and perception, including all aspects of perceiving, thinking, and remembering.cog´nitive


1. The mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.
2. That which comes to be known, as through perception, reasoning, or intuition; knowledge.

cog·ni′tion·al adj.


Etymology: L, cognoscere, to know
the mental process characterized by knowing, thinking, learning, understanding, and judging. Compare conation. cognitive, adj.


a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as the ability to execute complex mental processes. See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.

mini-mental test

Neurology A brief clinical test of mental status, where each correct answer in a series of questions is given one point–total score 30
Mini-mental test
Orientation in time: Year, season, month, date, day–total 5 points–pts
Orientation in space Country, state, county, town, place, hospital ward–5 pts
Cognition Serial 7s–x 5 or spell world backwards–5 pts
Short recall Name 3 objects–total 3 pts
Memory Rename 3 above objects–3 pts
Follow a three-part command Take a paper, fold it, put it on the floor–3 pts
Common object recognition Name 2 familiar objects–2 pts
Recognition of common phrase 'No ifs, ands, or buts'–1 pt
Read and obey 'Close your eyes'–1 pt
Write simple sentence–1 pt
Copy drawing Intersecting pentagons–1 pt
A change in mental status and a score > 27 points is most often associated with affective depression; depressed Pts with cognitive impairment have scores of ± 20, those with true dementia often have scores of < 10 J Psych Res 1975; 12:189


1. The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


The mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. These include perception, reasoning and possibly intuition.


The act or process of knowing or perceiving.


Generic term embracing mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
[L. cognitio]

Patient discussion about cognition

Q. What is cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of depression? What is it all about? Please explain? Could someone who has actually had this explain what it is all about. I don't want to get a copy and paste answer from a web page somewhere, just a simple explanation in plain simple terms that I could relate to.

A. You mention "for example thoughts of worthlessness"

Could anyone identify other examples of these types of thoughts?

I struggle the most with guilt and shame.

What others think of me being a recovering alcoholic, someone who has depression, having a son who has been in a penitentiary several times.

What can anyone really do about these thoughts anyway. I have not come up with anything that works except to offer them all back up to God and let them all go.

What else could a professional come up that is any better than that? I would really like to know. Otherwise, what good would it really do?

More discussions about cognition
References in periodicals archive ?
While the tests evaluated several aspects of cognition ,only speed processing showed a significant improvement.
The vestigial footprint does not lead one to an immediate cognition of the whole (5).
BMi Research, a leading South African research house specialising in consumer and industrial research, has been acquired by Cognition Holdings Limited .
Jacobs & Paris (1987) believe that metacognitive thinking has two main dimensions: the first is--self-evaluation of perception: This includes three forms: (declarative cognition, procedural cognition and conditional cognition.
They only explored sexual cognitions involving submission (e.
Global cognition was assessed with the six-item screener of the Mini-Mental State Exam, memory with the Spanish English Verbal Learning Test (SEVLT), and frontal executive function with an animal fluency (AF) and a letter fluency (LF) test and the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST).
According to the results, published in the October 2013 journal Neurocase: The Neural Basis of Cognition, the person assigned to aerobic exercise had an average 53.
It is possible that sleep, and the rest that it provides to the brain, may be a crucial factor in helping to keep beta-amyloid plaques to a minimum and preserving cognition.
The MMSE is a 30-item brief screen of global cognition that includes questions on orientation, recall, attention, working memory, language, and construction [11].
According to Bowman, Kant holds that the logic of finite cognition is marked by an essential negativity which may divide reason against itself.
The book is organized into four sections on the interdependence of social cognition, the psychology of narratives, cognition and communication in dyadic encounters, and the political and social consequences of communication and cognition.