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the act or process of knowing, perceiving, or remembering. adj., adj cog´nitive.


1. Generic term embracing the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


/cog·ni·tion/ (kog-nish´un) that operation of the mind process by which we become aware of objects of thought and perception, including all aspects of perceiving, thinking, and remembering.cog´nitive


1. The mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.
2. That which comes to be known, as through perception, reasoning, or intuition; knowledge.

cog·ni′tion·al adj.


Etymology: L, cognoscere, to know
the mental process characterized by knowing, thinking, learning, understanding, and judging. Compare conation. cognitive, adj.


a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as the ability to execute complex mental processes. See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.

mini-mental test

Neurology A brief clinical test of mental status, where each correct answer in a series of questions is given one point–total score 30
Mini-mental test
Orientation in time: Year, season, month, date, day–total 5 points–pts
Orientation in space Country, state, county, town, place, hospital ward–5 pts
Cognition Serial 7s–x 5 or spell world backwards–5 pts
Short recall Name 3 objects–total 3 pts
Memory Rename 3 above objects–3 pts
Follow a three-part command Take a paper, fold it, put it on the floor–3 pts
Common object recognition Name 2 familiar objects–2 pts
Recognition of common phrase 'No ifs, ands, or buts'–1 pt
Read and obey 'Close your eyes'–1 pt
Write simple sentence–1 pt
Copy drawing Intersecting pentagons–1 pt
A change in mental status and a score > 27 points is most often associated with affective depression; depressed Pts with cognitive impairment have scores of ± 20, those with true dementia often have scores of < 10 J Psych Res 1975; 12:189


1. The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


The mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. These include perception, reasoning and possibly intuition.


The act or process of knowing or perceiving.


the psychological processes by which individuals acquire and process information, generally applied to thought processes and memory. cognitive psychology the branch of psychology concerned with the study of cognition.


Generic term embracing mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
[L. cognitio]

cognition (cognish´ən),

n the higher mental processes, including understanding, reasoning, knowledge, and intellectual capacity.

Patient discussion about cognition

Q. What is cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of depression? What is it all about? Please explain? Could someone who has actually had this explain what it is all about. I don't want to get a copy and paste answer from a web page somewhere, just a simple explanation in plain simple terms that I could relate to.

A. You mention "for example thoughts of worthlessness"

Could anyone identify other examples of these types of thoughts?

I struggle the most with guilt and shame.

What others think of me being a recovering alcoholic, someone who has depression, having a son who has been in a penitentiary several times.

What can anyone really do about these thoughts anyway. I have not come up with anything that works except to offer them all back up to God and let them all go.

What else could a professional come up that is any better than that? I would really like to know. Otherwise, what good would it really do?

More discussions about cognition
References in periodicals archive ?
We specified a three-factor model based on the initial validation study of the PTCI with 21 items indicating negative cognitions about self, 7 items indicating negative cognitions about the world, and 5 items indicating self-blame (10).
Knowledge of cognition refers to how much learners understand their own memories and the way they learn (Sperling, Howard, Staley & Dubois, 2004).
Cognition managing director Tim Witcherley said: "The first half of 2011 has been exceptional with business continuing to grow across the agency's four integrated divisions.
This book can be considered part of the series of books published over the past decade geared for the layman in the field of music cognition.
Social systems possess high degrees of cognition and, consequently, high levels of intelligence, autonomy, learning and knowledge management capabilities, and whereas these abilities are distributed among their individuals and among their relationships.
the infamous problem with Descartes' reasoning in his arguments for God) by parsing apart two different modes of cognition that he finds in Descartes' philosophy: clear perception and scientia.
Patients who had received IVIG continuously for 9 months showed significantly better scores on measures of cognition and activities of daily living than did those taking palcebo.
Ellie Hawtin, Cognition PR director, said: "Our brief is to drive couples, groups and families to the resort.
Watson's chief concern in this chapter is to call our attention to Ramakantha's use of the Buddhists' doctrines, that cognition rather than a subject of cognition explains the phenomena to which their opponents appeal in their arguments for the existence of a self that is a separate subject of cognition, and that cognition of objects is self-illuminating.
Two particular cognitive processing styles, need for cognition and ambiguity intolerance, clearly mirror Gelso's (1979) reflections regarding the difficulties associated with integrating the researcher and practitioner specializations.
This has meant developing extensive relationships with academic and clinical researchers in the field of cognition and mental illness, to provide modern tools and interventions to enhance clients' outcomes in rehabilitation programs.
Reduce the importance or significance of the cognition causing dissonance: If there are only a few cognitions causing dissonance, you can isolate them and address them individually by reducing the importance or significance of each cognition.