cognate


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

cognate

describes two biomolecules that normally interact such as an enzyme and its normal substrate or a receptor and its normal ligand.

cognate cooperation
cooperation between T and B lymphocytes when both recognize epitopes on the same antigen.
References in periodicals archive ?
The authors concluded that cognate recognition was a 'natural' strategy; however, there was variation in recognition between students.
Jones 1988; Massam 1990; Downing and Locke1992; Macfarland 1995; Felser and Wanner 2001; Real Puigdollers 2008; Hoche 2009; Ogata 2011), which only includes as cognate objects those noun phrases of the first type; that is, those noun phrases whose head, like death in (6) and smile in (7), maintains a morphological relationship with the verb:
Much of the English language vocabulary has direct Spanish cognates that they use quite often (object=objetos, accelerate=acelerar, dependent=dependiente, etc.
The origin of the termswill be a determining factor in revealing whether the terms are cognates or loanwords.
These Mari words can be added to the following cognate set: SaaN njuozzit'hammer flat and thin; roll out (dough)', Komi nuzal-, Udm nuza-, KhE ninc-, KhS ninc-, KhN ms- (< PKh *ninc-), MsN, MsE nuns-, MsS nons' stretch (intr.
Of the remaining stems in this group 2 (konts 'filth', meigas 'ringdove') have only dubious cognates, 18 are Finnic stems: eda-(si) 'forward', jama 'rubbish", jara-(ma) 'to gnaw', kang 'crowbar', kover 'crooked', laam 'larg piece', matsa-(kas) 'thump', nali 'joke' palu-(ma) 'to beg', pool 'half, sirge 'straight', sise-(mine) 'inner', sore 'thin, coarse', sostar 'currant', torju-(ma) 'to ward off, tadi 'aunt', urise-(ma) 'to snarl', 1 Finno-Saamic stem: lups-(ma) 'to milk' and 1 has cognate only in Votic: kokuta-(ma) 'to stammer'.
The purpose of this paper is to collect information on cognate processing in Croatian speakers of Global English and add it to the body of world literature dealing with cognates.
Going through the referents from the sentences quoted above where there is a direct Old Norse cognate, we find (with reference to the Oxford English Dictionary, Heggstad, Hodnebo and Simensen 1975: Norron Ordbok; Dictionary of the Scots Language; Bosworth-Toller Anglo-Saxon Dictionary and MacBain: Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language):
To this end, the United States Supreme Court has recognized that its articulation of rights under the United States Constitution, and its Bill of Rights, does not bind, in most instances, state supreme courts in their articulation of rights under cognate state constitutional provisions, and, when no cognate state provision exists, federal articulation of a rule or principle is no more than persuasive authority.
Therefore, it is necessary for librarians as teachers to provide instruction on cognate recognition.
For the collection and interpretation of the cognate words, I have relied heavily on the works of colleagues in the IEED project: Kloekhorst 2008 for Anatolian, Alexander Lubotsky's Indo-Iranian database, Robert Beekes forthcoming, for Greek, Derksen 2008 for Slavic, and Derksen forthcoming for Baltic (p.
By trypsin digestion and using bioinformatics tools on the protein, we found it is heat shock cognate protein 70, HSC70, and the HSPa8 gene is the gene coding for the protein.