coeliac


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coeliac

(sē′lē-ăk′)
adj.
Variant of celiac.

ce·li·ac

(sē'lē-ak)
Relating to the abdominal cavity.
Synonym(s): coeliac.
[G. koilia, belly]

coeliac

Pertaining to the cavity of the abdomen.

Patient discussion about coeliac

Q. Is celiac genetic? I have one son with celiac disease from my first marriage and me second wife is now pregnant,I was wondering what are the chances for this soon to be born daughter of mine to have celiac as well- if I maybe carry the genetic flaw and is there a way to find out?

A. Celiac disease is a very common illness (about 1 in a 100 people suffer from it in different levels), and it is known to have a strong genetic connection. However, there is not one specific mutation that you can get genetic testing to see if you are carrying it. Your soon to be born daughter will have a higher chance than the regular population to suffer from the disease, but it does not necessarily mean she will.

Q. How do you diagnose celiac? My daughter is 3 years old and is constantly vomiting, has diarrhea and stomach aches. Could this be celiac?

A. This could in fact be celiac. The initial step in screening should include: IgA endomysial antibodies (EMA), IgA tissue transglutaminase (tTG), IgG tissue transglutaminase and Total IgA antibodies. The patients with positive antibody tests, and those with an IgA deficiency, should have a small bowel biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and assess the degree of damage, which is performed endoscopically (looking inside the body by inserting a tube into it).

Q. Is FTT a symptom of celiac? My 1.5 year old son has FTT (failure to thrive) and stomach aches. What could be causing it?

A. Failure to thrive lacks a precise definition, in part because it describes a condition rather than a specific disease. Children who fail to thrive don't receive or are unable to take in, retain, or utilize the calories needed to gain weight and grow as expected. FTT can be caused from many different things: social factors, conditions involving the gastrointestinal system like gastroesophageal reflux, chronic diarrhea, cystic fibrosis, chronic liver disease, and celiac disease. From a chronic illness or medical disorder, an intolerance of milk protein, infections or metabolic disorders.

More discussions about coeliac
References in periodicals archive ?
LABEL LOVER Coeliac sufferer Ellen Duncan relies on food labelling to make decisions on which foods are safe for her to eat
Sarah Sleet, Chief Executive of Coeliac UK, said: Coeliac UK is delighted the Gluten-Free Food Service is being incorporated into NHS services provided by community pharmacies in Scotland.
Anne also finds it frustrating that supermarkets in other European countries such as Spain and Italy are "more geared up" for sufferers of coeliac disease, and she regularly stocks up on food during cruises.
To diagnose Coeliac Disease an allergy test is not required and is an incorrect method.
When people with coeliac (pronounced 'see-liack') disease eat gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye, the body attacks and damages the lining of the gut where food is absorbed, making it difficult for the body to get the nutrients it needs.
So, in this week of awareness and beyond when you notice these symptoms, be ready to ask yourself "is it coeliac disease?
If someone with coeliac accidentally eats it they can potentially suffer severe diarrhoea and vomiting for several days.
Sarah Sleet, Chief Executive of Coeliac UK, said: "In a recent survey about shopping habits 74 percent of Coeliac UK Members who responded said they have to visit more than one supermarket to complete their Free From shopping.
There are blood tests that can tell you if you're likely to have Coeliac Disease.
For the one in 100 people in the UK who have coeliac disease, these products offer a lifeline.