cochineal


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Related to cochineal: Cochineal dye

coch·i·neal

(kotch'i-nēl'), [C.I. 75470]
The dried female insects, Coccus cacti, enclosing the young larvae, or the dried female insect, Dactylopius coccus, containing eggs and larvae, from which coccinellin is obtained; used as a red coloring agent and a stain. See: carmine.
Synonym(s): coccinella, coccus (2)
[O.Sp. cochinilla, wood louse, fr. G. kokkinos, berry]

cochineal

/coch·i·neal/ (koch´ĭ-nēl) dried female insects of Coccus cacti, enclosing young larvae; used as a coloring agent for pharmaceuticals and as a biological stain.

cochineal

[koch′inēl′]
Etymology: L, coccineus, bright red
a red dye prepared from the dried female insects of the species Coccus cacti containing young larvae. During the preparation of the dye the larvae are extracted with an aqueous solution of alum. The resulting dye has been used in coloring medicines.

coch·i·neal

(kotch'i-nēl)
[CI 75470] The dried female insects, Coccus cacti, enclosing the young larvae, or the dried female insect, Dactylopius coccus, containing eggs and larvae, from which coccinellin is obtained; used as a red coloring agent and a stain.
See: carmine
Synonym(s): coccus (2) .
[O.Sp. cochinilla, wood louse, fr. G. kokkinos, berry]
References in periodicals archive ?
Red velvet cupcakes use crushed cochineal bugs for their colouring
Cochineal can quickly destroy hundreds or even thousands of hectares of cacti and its impact will be detrimental to livestock, nutrition and the economy, he pointed out, adding that the devastating parasite which ravages several hundred hectares of cacti in different regions of Morocco, has recently approached the northeastern region of this country.
For artists working in monasteries around the British isles, for example, illumination would bring together local English woad with exotic stuffs, whose names often recalled their origins: Polish cochineal, Armenian reds, Tyrian purple hauled from the Mediterranean, cinnabar from Sinope, indigo from India, and from Afghanistan, the fabulously expensive dust of lapis lazuli, called ultramarine for its origins beyond the sea.
Historically produced from carminic acid, the pigment is extracted from the "Ararat", or Armenian cochineal, an endangered insect that lives in the roots of a plant in the Ararat Plain and Aras River valley that runs through and alongside Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran.
In this work, it was also evident that cannot be a requirement for the choice of the isolate for cochineal control, since, apparentlly, both showed cruiser" habit, and both displaced easily in the sand column.
Cactus juice is used in plaster and the cochineal insects that are drawn to the plants have long been a source of red dye.
The reason for this unusual colour preference, compared to the rest of India, may be due to the fact that local indigo was mixed with the rare, intense pink of the cochineal insect that arrived in India from the Americas via the sea route.
INFLUENCE OF PHOTOPERIOD ON SOME DEMOGRAPHIC PARAMETERS AND QUALITY OF COCHINEAL INSECTS (Dactylopius coccus)
And from the American desert Southwest, those dazzling reds and fuchsias are made from cochineal, a parasite that lives on cactus.
The second section deals with crafting traditional art materials: making wasli paper and tying brushes from squirrel hair for miniature painting; grinding pigments from such materials as lapis lazuli, cochineal, madder, malachite, and cinnabar; making oil and egg tempera paints; making and using gesso and bole; fine gilding.
Likewise, PSP anthocyanins have advantages over traditional synthetic red food colorings and the carmine reds extracted from cochineal insects.