coccidiosis


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coccidiosis

 [kok-sid″e-o´sis]
protozoal infection by coccidia. In humans it takes the form of Isospora belli in the stools; such infection is usually asymptomatic but occasionally causes a severe watery mucous diarrhea.

coc·cid·i·o·sis

(kok-sid'ē-ō'sis),
Group name for diseases due to any species of coccidia; a common and serious protozoan disease of many species of domestic animals and birds and many wild animals kept in captivity; both intestinal and pulmonary coccidiosis have been reported in humans with AIDS.

coccidiosis

/coc·cid·i·o·sis/ (kok-sid″e-o´sis) infection by coccidia. In humans, applied to the presence of Isospora hominis or I. belli in stools; it is often asymptomatic, rarely causing a severe watery mucous diarrhea.

coccidiosis

(kŏk-sĭd′ē-ō′sĭs)
n.
A parasitic disease of many animals, including cattle, swine, sheep, dogs, cats, and poultry, but rarely of humans, resulting from infestation of the digestive tract by coccidia.

coccidiosis

[kok′sidē·ō′sis]
Etymology: Gk, kokkos + osis, condition
a parasitic disease of tropical and subtropical regions caused by the ingestion of oocysts of the protozoon Isospora belli or I. hominis. Symptoms include fever, malaise, abdominal discomfort, and watery diarrhea. The infection is usually self-limited, lasting 1 to 2 weeks, but occasionally it persists, resulting in malabsorption syndrome and, rarely, death. No specific therapy has been found. Compare coccidioidomycosis.

coc·cid·i·o·sis

(kok-sid'ē-ō'sis)
Group name for diseases attributable to any species of coccidia; a common disease of many species of domestic animals and birds; both intestinal and pulmonary coccidiosis have been reported in patients with AIDS.

coccidiosis

A tropical parasitic disease caused by the accidental eating the egg cysts of the PROTOZOON Isospora belli. It features fever, abdominal pain and watery diarrhoea and usually settles in a week or two.

coccidiosis

a disease caused by SPOROZOAN parasites that occurs in rabbits and poultry.

coccidiosis

infection by coccidia causes enteritis in all species. The clinical picture varies between species. In calves it is a serious diarrhea and dysentery and death may occur because of the blood and protein loss and the dehydration. In sheep the effects are poor production and poor weight gain, although diarrhea and dysentery may occur. The clinical disease is rare in pigs and horses but outbreaks, similar clinically to those in cattle, may occur in young animals. In dogs and cats, infection is most common in young puppies and kittens where it can be the cause of severe diarrhea and even death. Adults usually experience only mild and self-limiting infections. All poultry species suffer severe outbreaks of the disease characterized by diarrhea and dysentery. Subclinical infections causing reduced productivity are a feature of the disease in birds. Affected fish are cachectic and trail long mucoid fecal casts.
The disease in all species except fish is caused by eimeria, isospora or cystoisospora. In fish the species involved is Eimeria (Epieimeria), Goussia, Cryptosporidium spp.

nervous coccidiosis
a small number of calves in an outbreak of classical coccidiosis may develop severe nervous signs including hyperesthesia, nystagmus, tremor, orthotonus and convulsions and die within a few hours. There is no detectable lesion in the brain.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eimeria profilin has been considered as a potential vaccine candidate for controlling coccidiosis, malaria, and toxoplasmosis because of their capacity to polymerize actin for host invasion [21,30].
Albon (sulfadimethoxine, an antibacterial medication) or Tribrissen (a combination of trimethoprim, a powerful broad-spectrum antibacterial, and sulfadiazine, an antibiotic) are frequently prescribed for coccidiosis.
Studies on wheat bran arabinoxylans for its immunostimulatory and protective effects against avian coccidiosis.
Effects of vaccination against coccidiosis, with and without a specific herbal essential oil blend, on performance, oocyst excretion and serum IBD titers of broilers reared on litter.
Although, coccidiosis is self limiting disease but in literature treatment is still recommended.
It is concluded that immunization with specific sporozoites adjuvanted with FCA by parenteral administration in broiler chickens resulted in an early but protective humoral immune response (IgG) better than non- adjuvanted group and unimmunized infected control, however lower than commercial vaccine administered group against caecal coccidiosis.
Coccidiosis is also much more likely in stressed, hot or cold, overcrowded herds in unclean circumstances.
Failures to control coccidiosis in commercial broiler production may have various reasons, drug resistance being only one of them (Daugschies et al.
Developed by scientists at the Agricultural Research Service, a new vaccine delivery system to prevent diseases like coccidiosis may be more appetizing to birds than traditional methods.
The titles of their PhD research were 'Characterization of shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) against dieback disease in various ecological zones of Punjab,' 'Evaluation of sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum) bio-molecules as biological response modifiers and their immunotherapeutic effects against coccidiosis in chicken,' 'Occurrence, toxicity and prevention
Esto contrasta con otros estudios sobre coccidiosis intestinales hechos en capitales de estado de Venezuela con mayor poblacion, como por ejemplo la g ran Caracas (DF) (6), Maracaibo, estado Zulia (7), Ciudad Bolivar, estado Bolivar (8), donde se muestrearon 150, 212 y 100 individuos, respectivamente.