coca


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Related to coca: Coca plant, Erythroxylum coca

co·ca

(kō'kă),
The dried leaves of Erythroxylon coca, yielding not less than 0.5% of ether-soluble alkaloids; the source of cocaine and several other alkaloids.
[S. Am.]

coca

a species of South American shrubs native to Bolivia and Peru and cultivated in Indonesia. The leaves are dried and then chewed for their stimulant effect by some of the people of the region. It is a natural source of cocaine.

co·ca

(kō'kă)
The dried leaves of Erythroxylon coca, yielding not less than 0.5% of ether-soluble alkaloids; source of cocaine and several other alkaloids.
[S. Am.]

coca,

n Latin name:
Erythroxylum spp.; part used: leaves; uses: quicken activity of the physiologic process, astringent, anesthetic, relieve hunger, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, stomach pains; stimulate central nervous system; stimulate muscular activity; relieve neurasthenia, dilate pupils; paralyze sensory nerve fibers; pre-cautions: addictive, hallucinations and delusions, can cause restlessness, tremors; convulsions, emaciation, memory loss, sleeplessness, severe agitation, tachycardia, perspiration, elevated blood pressure. Also called
cuca and
cocaine.

coca

see cocaine.
References in periodicals archive ?
While industrial-sized coca farms do exist, up to 75 percent (estimates vary) of Colombian coca and poppies are grown by subsistence farmers on as little as half an acre, with the average family farm just 2.
In Peru and Bolivia, we will work with those governments to continue their reductions in coca through a combination of eradication, interdiction, and alternative development.
Programs to provide humanitarian relief for displaced persons, to help small farmers and low-level coca workers find legitimate alternatives to the drug trade, and to strengthen governance, the rule of law, and human rights will also be incorporated into the ACI.
Weill, who's studied coca for more than 25 years, said that in the early 1980's, Peruvian coca tea was widely available through mail-order catalogs and health-food stores.
Weill says that while tea is only the mildest and most innocuous coca product, "I'd like to see some stronger extracts of the leaf become available for prescription for stomach disorders, motion sickness, and possibly diabetes.
Concludes Siegel, "The history of coca and cocaine [use] has been a history of increasing doses, increasingly effective routes of administration and an increasing incidence of dependence and toxicity.
The United States must allow these poor Andean countries to undergo a gradual eradication program while introducing alternative crops with tariff-free status, adequate infrastructure to get products to market and subsidies not to grow coca.
Offer Andean farmers a real alternative and they will happily get out of the coca game.
As coca production has spread to encompass much of Colombian territory--satellites even pick up images of coca fields near the capital--so have fumigations.
According to the report, some farmers (including Cuaran, who is pictured) have willingly eradicated their coca plants to comply with Colombian law and taken advantage of alternative development programs, but these farmers still have their legal crops destroyed by chemical drift.