closing volume


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closing volume

 (CV)
the difference between the closing capacity and the residual volume; the volume of gas in the lungs in excess of the residual volume at the time when small airways in the dependent portions of the lungs close during maximal exhalation, as measured by the single breath nitrogen washout test. Closing volume normally increases with age, is also increased in obstructive airways disease, and can be used to detect small airways disease before symptoms appear. From residual volume, the patient inhales pure oxygen to total lung capacity, and then exhales slowly and evenly while the nitrogen concentration of the exhaled gas is recorded. Because the lower portions of the lung expand more during inspiration, the nitrogen remaining in the alveoli is mixed with more oxygen in the lower portions than in the upper portions. Thus, when the closing volume is reached there is a sharp rise in the nitrogen concentration, because most of the gas is coming from upper air spaces. The closing capacity is equal to closing volume plus residual volume.

clos·ing vol·ume (CV),

the lung volume at which the flow from the lower parts of the lungs becomes severely reduced or stops during expiration, presumably because of airway closure; measured by the sharp rise in expiratory concentration of a tracer gas that had been inspired at the beginning of a breath that started from residual volume.

closing volume (CV)

the volume of gas remaining in the lungs when the small airways begin to close during a controlled maximum exhalation.

clos·ing vol·ume

(klōz'ing vol'yūm)
The lung volume at which the flow from the lower parts of the lungs becomes severely reduced or stops during expiration, presumably because of airway closure; measured by the sharp rise in expiratory concentration of a tracer gas that had been inspired at the beginning of a breath that started from residual volume.

closing volume

the volume of gas in the lungs in excess of the residual volume (RV) at the time when small airways in the dependent portions of the lungs close during maximal exhalation; abbreviated CV. CV normally increases with age and is also increased in obstructive airways disease. It can be used to detect the disease in high-risk patients before clinical signs appear. The closing capacity (CC) is equal to CV plus RV.
References in periodicals archive ?
was unable to attend the banquet but received awards for 3rd highest Net Dollar Volume, 2nd highest Net Sales, and 3rd highest Closing Volume.
The single breath nitrogen washout test which includes the closing volume measurement, is performed with a demand valve, or reservoir bag, a pressure differential or other type pneumotachograph, microprocessor or chart recorder, and a nitrogen analyzer.
Sales of both new and existing condominiums were buoyant in January 2005 with closing volumes of 262 units and 370 units respectively.