closed-chain


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Related to closed-chain: open kinetic chain

closed-chain

(in organic chemistry) pertaining to a compound in which the carbon atoms are bonded to form a closed ring. Also called carbocyclic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Using closed-chain kinetic activities, the patient builds upon his postural and proprioceptive exercises to reinforce a new neuromuscular connection.
Once the strength has increased, aerobic activities can be initiated and closed-chain exercises can be initiated, such as stepping, squatting, and getting up from a seated position.
After the season closed, we found that those who had reported hamstring-related injury pains between June and September showed a significant decrease in pains between September and December due to the closed-chain hamstring exercise intervention," said Dr.
Key Words: OmniKinetic, closed-chain, strength, ice
Employing one fluid walking motion, the REEBOK SKY WALKER cross-training machine creates a no-impact, closed-chain action that allows the user to control their range of mobility, speed and resistance, as well stabilize their body weight.
A classical method for calculating the dynamic models of closed-chains is to be considered first as an equivalent tree-structure, and then to consider the system constraints by the usage of Lagrange multipliers or d'Alembert's principle (Duffy, 1996).