closed-chain


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Related to closed-chain: open kinetic chain

closed-chain

(in organic chemistry) pertaining to a compound in which the carbon atoms are bonded to form a closed ring. Also called carbocyclic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Using closed-chain kinetic activities, the patient builds upon his postural and proprioceptive exercises to reinforce a new neuromuscular connection.
In due time, if comfortably tolerated, the type of exercise can be altered from open-chain exercise to closed-chain exercises which mimic real-life activities (getting up from a chair, stepping).
After the season closed, we found that those who had reported hamstring-related injury pains between June and September showed a significant decrease in pains between September and December due to the closed-chain hamstring exercise intervention," said Dr.
Key Words: OmniKinetic, closed-chain, strength, ice
Given prior data of isolated motor facilitation following joint cryotherapy (15), we speculate that the lack of motor adaptation observed in this project is due to reciprocal changes to opposing muscles during a closed-chain activity.
Employing one fluid walking motion, the REEBOK(R) SKY WALKER(TM) creates a zero-impact, closed-chain action that allows the user to control the range of mobility, speed and resistance, as well as stabilize their body weight.
A classical method for calculating the dynamic models of closed-chains is to be considered first as an equivalent tree-structure, and then to consider the system constraints by the usage of Lagrange multipliers or d'Alembert's principle (Duffy, 1996).