closed procedure

closed procedure,

n the reduction of a fracture of the jaw or placement of an implant without surgical flap retraction.
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The closed procedure of introduction of changes without approval of the Constitutional Council caused criticism of several human rights defenders.
Renderos decided to convert the surgery from a closed procedure to an open procedure.
With the closed procedure, Harris used a Verres needle to pump gas into the patient's abdomen, creating a cavity to allow the op to take place.
Because of increased equipment costs and longer operating room time, the closed procedure is more expensive per patient.