close contact


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close contact

Epidemiology Any person who has been in intimate contact for a period of time with a person with infectious TB

close contact

In public health and infectious diseases, anyone who repeatedly and regularly shares the living space of someone with a contagious disease.

Patient care

The sharing of body fluids and blood with another person constitutes close contact, as does the bathing, clothing, and toileting of the sick person. Close contacts with contagious people may need prophylactic treatment, quarantine, or observation to ensure their health and the health of others. Those who have casual contact with a sick person typically do not require these measures.

See also: contact
References in periodicals archive ?
We have worked closely with the university to identify and offer close contacts antibiotic prophylaxis and to provide information to the wider student population".
The zoo identified 19 close contacts, all of whom had TSTs at [greater than or equal to] 8 weeks after exposure; 13 were negative.
It requires prolonged and close contact with somebody who has TB, such as someone living in the same house, and it can be completely cured with a course of antibiotics.
The Health Ministry said the two were in prolonged and close contact.
He remains in stable condition and those in close contact with him have shown no abnormalities.
She said: "Screening of close contacts in the college is under way in accordance with the Guidelines for the Control and Prevention of Tuberculosis in Ireland 2010.
A close contact on an aircraft was defined as a passenger sitting within 3 rows in front and 3 rows behind the index case-patient.
The United States said Tuesday it will maintain close contacts with Japan on a row over where a major U.
A report in a local newspaper said the probe was being conducted because the patient had not travelled or been in close contact with someone suffering from the H1N1 virus.
Antivirals are offered as treatment to people who are ill and to aid prevention to people who are well but have been in close contact with a case.
The new cases are: In London, an adult and a child who both had close contact with patients who had already been confirmed as infected with swine flu
The National Public Health Service for Wales (NPHS) said the risk of TB, which can only be spread by very close contact, was 'very low'.