clock drawing test

clock drawing test

One of the mental status tests that assesses a person's ability to draw a complex, but frequently used, object. Persons with normal cognitive function and a normal sense of time can draw a clock face, place the hours 1 through 12 in appropriate positions, and insert the hands of the clock to demonstrate a particular time of day (e.g., “10:25”). Demented patients make several characteristic errors: the clock face may be poorly drawn; the hours may be spaced unevenly; and the hour and minute hands misplaced or left off the clock face entirely.
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Following they performed clock drawing test and word-color identification task switching experiment.
Clinical protocol included the following: (1) collection of anamnestic data; (2) neuropsychological testing: MMSE [17], Luria's tests [18], study of memory (TIME test) [19], clock drawing test [20], and verbal fluency test [21]; (3) neuropsychiatric assessment using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) [22]; (4) neurological examination with detailed assessment of walking, Tinetti Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA) [23]; and (5) the assessment of daily living activities, BADL [24].
The authors discuss recent studies suggesting that the digitized version of the clock drawing test reveals more information about patients than previously recognized.
For the assessment of executive functions, a group of tests, consisting of the Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT), clock drawing test, and Categorical Verbal fluency test, were used.
A Farmer from Transkei'); [20] the token test (short version); [20] Rey complex figure (RCF); [20] trail making tests A and B (TMT-A and -B); [20] the clock drawing test [21] (the free-drawing version with the '10 past 11' time setting instruction using Rouleau's 10-point scoring system); [22] the Luria hand sequence; [20] and the Maze test.
In contrast, the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is a quick screening tool for dementia in the primary care setting.
The USPSTF looked at studies that used the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Clock Drawing Test, verbal fluency tests, Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly, Memory Impairment Screen, MiniCog Test, Abbreviated Mental Test, and Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire.
1994), the Clock Drawing Test (Shulman, Shedletsky, & Silver, 1986; standards by Cacho, Garcia-Garcia, Arcaya, Lantada, & Vincent, 1999); and two sub-tests of the Battery of Lisbon for the Assessment of Dementia (Guerreiro, 1998)--Stories and the Token Test.
In addition, the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) (Kirby, Denihan, Brace, Coakley, & Lawlor, 2001; Schramm et al.
2006) found that the screening measure most commonly used internationally was the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE; Folstein, Folstein, & McHugh, 1975), followed by the Clock Drawing Test (CDT; Shulman, Shedletsky, & Silver, 1986), the Middlesex Examination of Mental State (MEAMS; Golding, 1989), Cambridge Mental Disorders of the Elderly Examination (CAMDEX; Roth, et al.
The use of Clock drawing test has been proposed as a good screening test in several neuropsychiatric disorder, and particularly in schizophrenia (Bozikas, Kosmidis, Gamvrula, Hatzigeorgiadou, Kourtis, Karavatos, 2004), not only in inpatients but also in patients not institutionalized.