clinical pharmacology


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Related to clinical pharmacology: Clinical pharmacy

clin·i·cal phar·ma·col·o·gy

the branch of pharmacology concerned with the pharmacology of therapeutic agents in the prevention, treatment, and control of disease in humans.

clinical pharmacology

The science that studies the characteristics, effects, properties, reactions and uses of drugs—especially their therapeutic effect in humans—including toxicology, safety, pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics.

clin·i·cal phar·ma·col·o·gy

(klini-kăl fahrmă-kolŏ-jē)
Branch of pharmacology concerned with the pharmacology of therapeutic agents.

clinical

1. pertaining to a clinic or to the bedside and therefore carried out on the living animal.
2. pertaining to or founded on actual observation and treatment of patients, as distinguished from theoretical or experimental.
3. productive of clinical signs; thus clinical disease as distinct from subclinical.

clinical data storage
storage of clinical data about patients; may be paper or computerized.
clinical decision analysis
the application of clinical, epidemiological and other data to influence outome probability and alternative decisions in such areas as surgery and pharmaceutical treatment.
clinical epidemiologist
an epidemiologist who sees patients and herds in a clinical capacity but with an epidemiological viewpoint. An investigator of clinical problems affecting populations.
clinical epidemiology
the application by a veterinarian who provides direct patient care of epidemiological methods to the study of diagnosis and therapeutics in order to promote efficiency in clinical care.
clinical examination
an examination of a patient including taking the history, physical examination by palpation, auscultation and percussion, clinicopathological examination and examination of the environment.
clinical judgment
exerted while the patient is still alive; the critical decisions made on the basis of scientific observations but with the added skill provided by long experience of similar cases. To this must be added an innate ability to make balanced judgments based not only on the state of the animal and its predictable future but also on some consideration for the patient's overall well-being and the client's financial status and degree of psychological, or in some cases actual, dependence on the patient.
clinical nomenclature
a catalog of the names given to diseases and problems of animals; usually alphabetical, may be numerical. Should contain keywords (including key diagnoses and key signs) and synonyms with each list related to the other. Because of the need to sort banks of clinical data into categories it is essential that recording be accurate and that the catalog be limited—a policy of limited vocabulary.
clinical pathologist
a veterinarian skilled in clinical pathology.
clinical pathology
the examination of diseased tissues, fluids or other materials from a living patient, using all of the techniques available including chemistry, hematology, enzymology, cytology, microbiology, parasitology, protozoology, immunology and histopathology.
clinical pharmacology
the study of the actions and metabolism of drugs in living animals.
clinical policies
professional rules of thumb which are used to decide on the management of a case when there are no research results on which to base decisions. They are policies originated by the senior members of the profession, especially those in academic posts.
clinical propedeutics
preliminary training in the clinical sciences; the introduction to veterinary medicine, surgery and animal reproduction.
clinical qualifiers
adjectives used to qualify diagnoses using terms from within a group of standard variables, e.g. chronic or acute, ovine or bovine, benign or malignant, clinical or latent.
clinical record
the record, made at the time, of clinical examinations, treatments and advice given, complete with dates, names of individuals concerned and drugs or tests used. The record is desirable for the purpose of evaluating the patient's progress, and essential from the legal point of view if arguments should arise about competence or justness of charges made.
clinical signs
the abnormalities of structure or function observed in the patient by the veterinarian or the client. These are customarily graded according to severity, e.g. severe, moderate, mild, and according to speed of onset and progress, e.g. peracute, acute, subacute, chronic, intermittent.
clinical trials
a planned experiment, conducted in the field, designed to test the efficacy of a treatment in herds of animals by comparing the outcome under the test treatment with that observed in a comparable group of animal herds receiving a control treatment.
clinical vocabulary
a catalog of terms approved for use in the description of clinical signs and problems, and for the definition of diagnoses and diseases.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two independent research studies recently found the quality and accuracy of Clinical Pharmacology to be superior to its competition.
SCR operates a 200 bed, fully paperless, Clinical Pharmacology Unit featuring 96, full 12-lead telemetry beds and a 12-bed unit for First-In-Human /SAD/MAD trials.
Mahmud Akhtar who is considered an authority on clinical pharmacology has referred to the recent "Off the Record" column published in August 1st 2013 issue of Pulse International entitled "Pharmacists need to do some soul searching".
In summary: Establishment of clinical pharmacology services ensures prioritisation of patient safety with regard to use of medicines; effective prevention and curative strategies; elimination of ambiguity in the utilisation of the services of a clinical pharmacologist in specific circumstances; setting minimum standards and therefore expectations for clinical pharmacology services; training and research; and career progression for those choosing to specialise as clinical pharmacologists.
Kinetigen specializes in complex pharmacokinetic analyses and overall clinical pharmacology strategy.
The APN Forum will be conducting elections during the 2012 APN Clinical Pharmacology Conference.
Emphasizing the relevance of clinical pharmacology to clinical practice, practical advice is given on prescribing.
The discipline of Clinical Pharmacology needs to grow exponentially to meet the future challenges and opportunities of the projected growth of pharmaceutical industry to 20 billion by the year 2020, competition with other emerging markets like China and Brazil and because of the predicted strategies of pharmaceutical industry to collaborate with health care providers.
The Danish Society for Pharmacology in collaboration with the British Pharmacological Society organised WorldPharma2010 under the auspices of the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) in Copenhagen from July 17 to 23.
PAREXEL International Corporation (NASDAQ:PRXL) has announced that it has expanded its minority interest ownership in the clinical pharmacology business of Synchron Research in Ahmedabad, India.
The exclusive contract covers IS/IT support to AstraZeneca's clinical pharmacology units in the UK and Sweden, and is valued at SEK16.

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