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1. the branch of medicine treating of the essential nature of disease, especially of the changes in body tissues and organs that cause or are caused by disease.
2. the structural and functional manifestations of a disease. adj., adj patholog´ic, patholog´ical.
clinical pathology pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis.
comparative pathology that which considers human disease processes in comparison with those of other animals.
experimental pathology the study of artificially induced pathologic processes.
oral pathology that which treats of conditions causing or resulting from morbid anatomic or functional changes in the structures of the mouth.
speech pathology (speech-language pathology) a field of the health sciences dealing with the evaluation of speech, language, and voice disorders and the rehabilitation of patients with such disorders not amenable to medical or surgical treatment. See also speech-language pathologist.
surgical pathology the pathology of disease processes that are surgically accessible for diagnosis or treatment.
1. any part of the medical practice of pathology as it pertains to the care of patients;
2. the subspecialty in pathology concerned with the theoretical and technical aspects (that is, the methods or procedures) of chemistry, immunohematology, microbiology, parasitology, immunology, hematology, and other fields as they pertain to the diagnosis of disease and the care of patients, as well as to the prevention of disease.
the laboratory study of disease by a pathologist using techniques appropriate to the specimen being studied. Among the many branches of clinical pathology are hematology, microbiology, clinical chemistry, immunology, toxicology, and the blood bank.
chemical pathologyThe pathology specialty in the UK which is involved in measuring electrolytes, metabolic products, hormones, proteins and toxins in blood, urine and other body fluids to diagnose and monitor disease.
clinical pathologyThe field of pathology dedicated to measuring and/or identifying substances, cells, or microorganisms in body fluids Areas Clinical microbiology–bacteriology, mycology, parasitology, virology; immunology; chemistry; hematology; immunohematology–blood banking. Cf Anatomic pathology, Surgical pathology.
clin·i·cal pa·thol·o·gy(klin'i-kăl pă-thol'ŏ-jē)
1. Any part of the medical practice of pathology as it pertains to the care of patients.
2. pathology Subspecialty concerned with the theoretic and technical aspects of chemistry, immunohematology, microbiology, parasitology, immunology, hematology, and other fields as they pertain to the diagnosis of disease.
clinical pathologyThe science and practice of medical diagnosis by laboratory examination and analysis of tissue specimens (BIOPSIES), body fluids and other samples. Clinical pathology is subdivided into VIROLOGY, BACTERIOLOGY, clinical chemistry, SEROLOGY and pathological HISTOLOGY.
1. pertaining to a clinic or to the bedside and therefore carried out on the living animal.
2. pertaining to or founded on actual observation and treatment of patients, as distinguished from theoretical or experimental.
3. productive of clinical signs; thus clinical disease as distinct from subclinical.
clinical data storage
storage of clinical data about patients; may be paper or computerized.
clinical decision analysis
the application of clinical, epidemiological and other data to influence outome probability and alternative decisions in such areas as surgery and pharmaceutical treatment.
an epidemiologist who sees patients and herds in a clinical capacity but with an epidemiological viewpoint. An investigator of clinical problems affecting populations.
the application by a veterinarian who provides direct patient care of epidemiological methods to the study of diagnosis and therapeutics in order to promote efficiency in clinical care.
an examination of a patient including taking the history, physical examination by palpation, auscultation and percussion, clinicopathological examination and examination of the environment.
exerted while the patient is still alive; the critical decisions made on the basis of scientific observations but with the added skill provided by long experience of similar cases. To this must be added an innate ability to make balanced judgments based not only on the state of the animal and its predictable future but also on some consideration for the patient's overall well-being and the client's financial status and degree of psychological, or in some cases actual, dependence on the patient.
a catalog of the names given to diseases and problems of animals; usually alphabetical, may be numerical. Should contain keywords (including key diagnoses and key signs) and synonyms with each list related to the other. Because of the need to sort banks of clinical data into categories it is essential that recording be accurate and that the catalog be limited—a policy of limited vocabulary.
a veterinarian skilled in clinical pathology.
the examination of diseased tissues, fluids or other materials from a living patient, using all of the techniques available including chemistry, hematology, enzymology, cytology, microbiology, parasitology, protozoology, immunology and histopathology.
the study of the actions and metabolism of drugs in living animals.
professional rules of thumb which are used to decide on the management of a case when there are no research results on which to base decisions. They are policies originated by the senior members of the profession, especially those in academic posts.
preliminary training in the clinical sciences; the introduction to veterinary medicine, surgery and animal reproduction.
adjectives used to qualify diagnoses using terms from within a group of standard variables, e.g. chronic or acute, ovine or bovine, benign or malignant, clinical or latent.
the record, made at the time, of clinical examinations, treatments and advice given, complete with dates, names of individuals concerned and drugs or tests used. The record is desirable for the purpose of evaluating the patient's progress, and essential from the legal point of view if arguments should arise about competence or justness of charges made.
the abnormalities of structure or function observed in the patient by the veterinarian or the client. These are customarily graded according to severity, e.g. severe, moderate, mild, and according to speed of onset and progress, e.g. peracute, acute, subacute, chronic, intermittent.
a planned experiment, conducted in the field, designed to test the efficacy of a treatment in herds of animals by comparing the outcome under the test treatment with that observed in a comparable group of animal herds receiving a control treatment.
a catalog of terms approved for use in the description of clinical signs and problems, and for the definition of diagnoses and diseases.
1. the branch of veterinary science treating of the essential nature of disease, especially of the changes in body tissues and organs which cause or are caused by disease.
2. the structural and functional manifestations of a disease.
see clinical pathology.
that which considers human disease processes in comparison with those of the lower animals.
the study of artificially induced pathological processes.
that which treats of conditions causing or resulting from morbid anatomical or functional changes in the structures of the mouth.
the pathology of disease processes that are surgically accessible for diagnosis or treatment.