clinical epidemiology


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clinical epidemiology

the field concerned with applying epidemiologic principles in a clinical setting.

clinical epidemiology

the application of the science of epidemiology in a clinical setting. Emphasis is on a medically defined population, as opposed to statistically formulated disease trends derived from examination of larger population categories.

clinical

1. pertaining to a clinic or to the bedside and therefore carried out on the living animal.
2. pertaining to or founded on actual observation and treatment of patients, as distinguished from theoretical or experimental.
3. productive of clinical signs; thus clinical disease as distinct from subclinical.

clinical data storage
storage of clinical data about patients; may be paper or computerized.
clinical decision analysis
the application of clinical, epidemiological and other data to influence outome probability and alternative decisions in such areas as surgery and pharmaceutical treatment.
clinical epidemiologist
an epidemiologist who sees patients and herds in a clinical capacity but with an epidemiological viewpoint. An investigator of clinical problems affecting populations.
clinical epidemiology
the application by a veterinarian who provides direct patient care of epidemiological methods to the study of diagnosis and therapeutics in order to promote efficiency in clinical care.
clinical examination
an examination of a patient including taking the history, physical examination by palpation, auscultation and percussion, clinicopathological examination and examination of the environment.
clinical judgment
exerted while the patient is still alive; the critical decisions made on the basis of scientific observations but with the added skill provided by long experience of similar cases. To this must be added an innate ability to make balanced judgments based not only on the state of the animal and its predictable future but also on some consideration for the patient's overall well-being and the client's financial status and degree of psychological, or in some cases actual, dependence on the patient.
clinical nomenclature
a catalog of the names given to diseases and problems of animals; usually alphabetical, may be numerical. Should contain keywords (including key diagnoses and key signs) and synonyms with each list related to the other. Because of the need to sort banks of clinical data into categories it is essential that recording be accurate and that the catalog be limited—a policy of limited vocabulary.
clinical pathologist
a veterinarian skilled in clinical pathology.
clinical pathology
the examination of diseased tissues, fluids or other materials from a living patient, using all of the techniques available including chemistry, hematology, enzymology, cytology, microbiology, parasitology, protozoology, immunology and histopathology.
clinical pharmacology
the study of the actions and metabolism of drugs in living animals.
clinical policies
professional rules of thumb which are used to decide on the management of a case when there are no research results on which to base decisions. They are policies originated by the senior members of the profession, especially those in academic posts.
clinical propedeutics
preliminary training in the clinical sciences; the introduction to veterinary medicine, surgery and animal reproduction.
clinical qualifiers
adjectives used to qualify diagnoses using terms from within a group of standard variables, e.g. chronic or acute, ovine or bovine, benign or malignant, clinical or latent.
clinical record
the record, made at the time, of clinical examinations, treatments and advice given, complete with dates, names of individuals concerned and drugs or tests used. The record is desirable for the purpose of evaluating the patient's progress, and essential from the legal point of view if arguments should arise about competence or justness of charges made.
clinical signs
the abnormalities of structure or function observed in the patient by the veterinarian or the client. These are customarily graded according to severity, e.g. severe, moderate, mild, and according to speed of onset and progress, e.g. peracute, acute, subacute, chronic, intermittent.
clinical trials
a planned experiment, conducted in the field, designed to test the efficacy of a treatment in herds of animals by comparing the outcome under the test treatment with that observed in a comparable group of animal herds receiving a control treatment.
clinical vocabulary
a catalog of terms approved for use in the description of clinical signs and problems, and for the definition of diagnoses and diseases.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the stark differences in their approaches, one can argue that big data analytics and clinical epidemiology actually try to answer similar questions but on a different scale and with varying abilities.
Gelfand is from the department of dermatology and Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania.
Morten Olsen of the department of clinical epidemiology, Aarhus (Denmark) University Hospital, and his colleagues collected data from population-based medical registries encompassing every hospital and citizen in Denmark (roughly 5.
Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine; Division of Urology and Center for Pediatric Clinical Effectiveness, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Julia Verne, head of clinical epidemiology at PHE, said: "The latest Routes to Diagnosis data shows a positive trend in how cancer is diagnosed in England.
Martin McKee, professor of European public health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and Simon Capewell, professor of clinical epidemiology at the University of Liverpool, said the evidence was of "low or very low quality".
Wadstrom, a clinical epidemiology researcher at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm.
Leonila Dans of Clinical Epidemiology in University of the Philippines-College of Medicine, the latest study revealed that both "pap smear plus HPV vaccine" and "pap smear alone" has same effect to women.
He was editor-in-chief of Preventive Medicine from 2005 to 2012--and now serves as its editor emeritus --and has served on editorial boards for journals such as the International Journal of Public Health, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology and American Journal of Epidemiology.
Now in a fully updated and expanded second edition featuring new data and examples throughout, "Clinical Epidemiology: Principles, Methods, and Applications for Clinical Research" is a comprehensive resource that introduces the reader to the basics of clinical epidemiology and explores the principles and methods that can be used to obtain quantitative evidence on the effects of interventions and on the diagnosis, etiology, and prognosis of disease.
Public sector providers in rural areas had better BMWM system than their counterparts in urban areas," said the study done by INCLEN (International Clinical Epidemiology Network) and Program Evaluation Network (IPEN), a health research organisation.

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