claustrum


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Related to claustrum: caudate nucleus, insula, internal capsule

claustrum

 [klaws´trum] (pl. claus´tra) (L.)
the thin layer of gray matter lateral to the external capsule of the lentiform nucleus, separating it from the white matter of the insula.

claus·trum

, pl.

claus·tra

(klaws'trŭm, klaws'tră),
1. One of several anatomic structures bearing a resemblance to a barrier.
2. A thin, vertically placed lamina of gray matter lying close to the putamen, from which it is separated by the external capsule. Claustrum consists of two parts: 1) an insular part and 2) a temporal part between putamen and the temporal lobe. Cells of the claustrum have reciprocal connections with sensory areas of the cerebral cortex.
[L. barrier]

claustrum

/claus·trum/ (klaws´trum) pl. claus´tra   [L.] the thin layer of gray matter lateral to the external capsule, separating it from the white matter of the insula.

claustrum

(klô′strəm, klou′-)
n. pl. claus·tra (-trə)
Any of several anatomical structures resembling a barrier, especially the thin vertical layer of gray matter of the brain that lies close to the outer portion of the lentiform nucleus, from which it is separated by the external capsule.

claus′tral adj.

claustrum

[klôs′trəm] pl. claustra
Etymology: L, a closing
1 a barrier, as a membrane that partially closes an aperture.
2 a thin sheet of gray matter, composed chiefly of spindle cells, situated lateral to the external capsule of the brain and separating the internal capsule from white matter of the insula. Also called claustrum of insula.

claus·trum

, pl. claustra (klaws'trŭm, -tră) [TA]
1. One of several anatomic structures bearing a resemblance to a barrier.
2. [TA] A thin, vertically placed lamina of gray matter lying close to the putamen, from which it is separated by the external capsule. Cells of the claustrum have reciprocal connections with sensory areas of the cerebral cortex.

claustrum

Any structure resembling a barrier.

claus·trum

, pl. claustra (klaws'trŭm, -tră) [TA]
One of several anatomic structures bearing a resemblance to a barrier.

claustrum

pl. claustra [L.] the thin layer of gray matter lateral to the external capsule of the brain, separating it from the white matter of the insula.
References in periodicals archive ?
During this brief window, the electrode near the claustrum seemed to cause a loss of consciousness each of the 10 times it was turned on.
After repeating the first two words, he stimulated the claustrum.
158: 'viri claustrum vel officinas et oratorium Sororum nunquam ingrediantur, nisi sacerdos propter infirmas in confessione audiendas et communicandas et inungendas, aut et medicus et architectus, quando opera eorum fuerit necessaria.
The intralaminar nuclei also are the targets of dense projections from the frontal lobes (DeVito, 1969), and they project widely to all parts of the cerebral cortex (Jones, 1985; Groenewegen and Berendse, 1994) as well as to another pallial structure, the claustrum, which will be discussed below.
The same may be true for structures such as the thalamus, as well as other regions that have been scrutinized by scientists, including the parietal and frontal cortices, the reticular activating system in the brain stem and a thin sheetlike structure called the claustrum.
36) Para el sentido del claustrum como "prision", y otras acepciones que este termino adopto en la Edad Media, vease P.
16) Shiela Bonde and Clark Maines, 'Ne aliquis extraneus claustrum intret: Entry and Access at the Augustinian Abbey of Saint-Jean-des-Vignes, Soissons', in Perspectives for an Architecture of Solitude, pp.
Organizing and active inflammatory foci were present in the putamen, the globus pallidus, and claustrum.
The word cloister is derived from the Latin claustrum, which originally meant a lock, and later referred to a locked door or gate.
She notes his adaptable association with the Carmelite Order as he moved between claustrum and seculum.
La insula cubre la superficie lateral del nucleo central (Figura 15, 5-9) o "central core" de cada hemisferio (capsula extrema, claustrum, capsula externa, nucleo lentiforme (putamen y globo palido), capsula interna, nucleo caudado y talamo).